Block 2 - 2/25 Mischels 1968 Critique If traits consistency...

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Unformatted text preview: 2/25 Mischels 1968 Critique If traits consistency Personality coefficient: +.30 If traits exists there should be consistency in behavior across situations Traits should be highly correlated with behavior Little consistency Biases create consistency Perceptual bias Sampling bias 2/27 Social Cognition applying cognitive psychology to social world Assumptions: Motivated to make sense of the world by seeing ordered patterns in the world All motivated to understand All motivated to figure out what we see in life World loaded with information Much info bombarding you at any moment than you can possibly thoroughly process Cant attend to all info at once We as human beings have a limited capacity to attend to information Essentially overloaded Can only process in a certain way at a certain time Cognitive miser How we cope with all the information Over simplify things to make sense of it 3 types of simplification strategies: Dispositional inference biases Confirmatory biases Cognitive heuristics Dispositional Inference Biases Dispositional inference behavior seen as caused by persons personality Fundamental attribution error bias toward person based inferences Jones & Harris (1967) Shown pro/anti Castro essays Received free/forced choice manipulation Rated debaters actual attitude toward Castro Actor Observer Bias Actor observer bias behavior of others due to personality; my behavior due to situation Bias in language Confirmatory Bias Confirmatory bias interpret, seek, and create information that verifies existing beliefs Snyder & Swann (1978) Assigned interviewer/interviewee Self full 3/3 Cognitive Heuristic Anchoring and adjustment heuristic Representativeness heuristic Availability heuristic Anchoring Heuristic-begun with rough estimate and adjust Conjunction error combination of two events are thought to e more likely than two independent events Representativeness heuristic Availability heuristic - likelihood estimates based on how easily instances come to mind False consensus effect overestimate others agreement Accessibility Accessibility easily retrieved information more likely to be used tool box If it is made accessible in your memory it is at the top of the tool box. You reach If it is made accessible in your memory it is at the top of the tool box....
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Block 2 - 2/25 Mischels 1968 Critique If traits consistency...

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