Lecture 11 - Definition of Ideology - Poli Sci Lecture#11...

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Poli Sci – Lecture #11 Final Exam - Covers only winter term + last lecture of fall term - Between April 6 th – April 23 rd Recap - Historical and theoretical background of emergence of ideologies o Renaissance Outlook will emerge – rising merchant class Earn a living producing and selling for profit Propose a new ethic – equate good with useful Changes will come to flourishment during the 18 th century “the age of enlightenment” Establish basic fundamentals of western society Thinkers will argue that through reason, human beings can become autonomous. We can all decide how to lead our own lives o Liberal thought, still applicable o Inventor of idealogy was member of enlightenment o Antoine Destutt de Tracy Suggests we replace philosophy with ideology Idealogy is science of ideas, more practical and useful Napoleon will attack ideologists They are dreamers, utopians, idea creators Term will start to hold negative connotations 40 years later, Marx and Eingels will critically analyze ideologies floating around in Europe Argue that ideology exists, and we need to analyze them to understand society For them, an ideology is “an interpretation of the movement of reality given by a particular social class” This interpretation will justify the interests of the particular social class by presenting their particular class interests as universal and necessary for well being E.g. conservative ideologies believe that social hierarchy is good and natural because they ensure the happiness of all, gives stable structure, fixed identity o Being at the top of the hierarchy, it is their particular interests to develop a social hierarchy No ideology without social force behind it o Definition 1. Ideology is a global system of thought o When adhered to, the ideology will induce behaviours, attitudes, that are specific o Set of believes, ideas, values, behaviours (Freedman pg. 32) o Modes of being in society
o System

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