Psychoactive Drugs - notes

Psychoactive Drugs - notes - The Use and Abuse of...

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The Use and Abuse of Psychoactive Drugs Chapter 9
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Lecture Outline Define addiction Development of addiction Abuse vs dependence Reward pathway/brain chemistry Drug, user, social factors Stimulants Cocaine Caffeine Marijuana Ecstasy Tolerance vs dependence Treatment
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What is Addiction? Uncontrollable behavior Habitual behavior Brain chemistry Habitual use of a drug leads to chemical changes in the user’s body Physical tolerance Initial dose no longer produces original emotional or psychological effects Individual responsibility
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Characteristics of Addictive Behavior Reinforcement Compulsive or craving – Need to engage in behavior Loss of Control Cannot block impulse to engage in behavior Escalation – ↑ amount of time, attention, resources to behavior Negative Consequences – Problems with academic or job performance, personal relationships, health, legal or financial troubles
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Development of Addiction No single cause Characteristics of an individual Environment where you live How does it begin? When you think something will bring you pleasure eg drink a beer, internet, shopping Behavior become central focus Deterioration in other areas of person’s life
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Characteristics of People with Addiction Genetic predisposition Impulse control Self-regulation Risk-takers Distinct preference for a particular addictive behavior
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Drug Abuse (substance abuse) Defined as involving one or more of the following: Recurrent drug use Interferes with responsibilities at work, school, home Physically hazardous Legal problems Social and interpersonal problems Use can be constant or intermittent
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HPS 1040 taught by Professor Surrency during the Fall '08 term at Georgia Tech.

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Psychoactive Drugs - notes - The Use and Abuse of...

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