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Psychological Health I - notes

Psychological Health I - notes - Psychological Health Part...

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Psychological Health Part I Chapter 3
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Lecture Outline Normality Self-actualization Self esteem vs self concept Biology of shyness
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What is “ normal ”? Is normality a key component of psychological health?
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Definitions Normality Psychological characteristics attributed to majority of people in a population Self- Grown to fulfull much of their potential, and are able to act and make choices unfettered by unfulfilled needs Self- Ideas, feelings, and perceptions on has about oneself (self-image) Self- Satisfaction and confidence in oneself, valuing oneself as a person Autonomy Independence; the sense of being self-directed
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Characteristics associated with Self- Realism – logical Acceptance – tolerate your own imperfections Autonomy – able to freely express yourself Creative - individualistic Self-starters Responsible for own behavior Alone, not lonely Objective
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Develop your own identity Sense of self Characterized by attitudes, beliefs Can assess their strengths and weaknesses Internal Intimacy Associated with firm sense of self
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A Positive Self-Concept Self-esteem Good, competent, worthy of love Critical component of wellness Sense of being loved Begins in childhood Rejection can lead to a negative self-concept Integration You make for yourself Personality characteristics of parents Can/need to reshape into an individual Stability Depends on the integration of self and its freedom from contradictions Tend to shift levels of self-esteem Neither end is very realistic
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Challenges to Self-Esteem Acknowledge something is wrong Adjust without revising self-concept Patterns of thinking Over-generalize negative events Take responsibility for things that are not their fault Make events worse than reality: cognitive distortions Rational response
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Defense Mechanisms
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Biology of Shyness
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Shyness Definition : discomfort and/or inhibition in interpersonal situations that interferes with reaching goals. Weakens the bond of human connection Problems with Different from introverts
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“Leave me alone, I’m shy”: Consequences of being shy Date less Less expressive Painfully self-conscious More negative thoughts 10-20% lack basic social skills Content, style, timing Lowered confidence (self-esteem) Health problems Lack of social support group Don’t reach full potential ↑ use of alcohol
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Shyness and Technology Steady ↑ of young adults report being shy 40% to 50% Automation is replacing people serving people Social time is being replaced with nanosecond-based efficient exchange of information
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Biology of Shyness Social fear/anxiety is associated with actions of the Hypothalamus triggers sympathetic nervous system
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