Reading and Writing Skills Notes and Compilation of Activities Learning Competency 1:Reading and Thinking Strategies Across Text Types Learning Competency 1: Compare and contrast patterns of written texts across disciplines. a) Paragraph Development - EN11/12RWS-IIIbf-3 b) Narration - EN11/12RWS-IIIbf-3.1 c) Description - EN11/12RWS-IIIbf-3.2 d) Definition - EN11/12RWS-IIIbf-3.3 e) Classification - EN11/12RWS-IIIbf-3.4 f) Comparison & Contrast - EN11/12RWS-IIIbf-3.5 g) Cause & Effect - EN11/12RWS-IIIbf-3.6 h) Problem-Solution - EN11/12RWS-IIIbf-3.7 i) Persuasion - EN11/12RWS-IIIbf-3.8 PRELIMINARY ACTIVITIES: I. Let us first check what you already know. Read the statements carefully, and determine what is beingreferred to, then write your answers on the blanks provided before each number. ___________1. It is a method of writing a paragraph by drawing pictures with words. ___________2. This method of paragraph development involves similarities and differences between twothings. ___________3. This gives a written account of an event or story. ___________4. This is a collection of related sentences with one central idea. ___________5. This pattern of development classifies or divides people, places, things or ideas intocategories. II.Can you define what a paragraph is? Try filling up this graphic organizer, with your ideas of what aparagraph is.
Part 1: Writing Paragraphs 1.The wordparagraphcomes from two Greek words:parawhich means “beyond” or“beside” and grapheinwhich means “to write”. 2.A paragraph is a collection of related sentences with one central idea. Each sentenceshows connection to other sentences in the paragraph. 3.A paragraph is an independent unit or a related unit. As an independent unit, it iscomplete in itself. As a related unit, it is a part of a composition that is combined withother paragraphs to make a larger composition. Whether a paragraph is an independent unit or a related unit, it has its beginning, middle and end. DEVELOPING EFFECTIVE PARAGRAPHS One of the most important elements in writing is the form or structure. It is worth notingthat without a solid structure in place, the content you have gathered would fall apart. Afterconstructing an outline and writing your first draft, it is time to get on to paragraph writing. An effective paragraph shows the unity of the sentences used in developing the mainidea. A paragraph is made up of thetopic sentencewhich contains the main idea, thesupporting detailsand the conclusion or the clinching sentenceat the end. 1.Topic sentence – it reveals the main or central idea of the paragraph. It does notnecessarily have to be placed at the beginning of the paragraph. It may be found in themiddle of the first and the last sentence or at the end. If it is found at the end of theparagraph, it may be used as a clinching or concluding sentence.