CSP 161 Notes - CSP 161 1/30 Trait Affects the way you...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–6. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
CSP 161
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
1/30 Trait Affects the way you perceive a situation Affects how you behave in situations 3 kinds of traits 1. cardinal traits – single disposition that dominates a person’s personality Ex: Mother Theresa stressing the cardinal trait of compassion 2. central traits – relatively small number of traits that as a whole tend to be the most dominant in describing a person’s personality 3. secondary traits – characteristics that only influence in limited settings Ex: food taste 2 ways to study traits and personalities 1. Nomothetic- the comparison of all people along the same personality dimensions 2. Idiographic – in depth analysis of a single individual and the dimensions and characteristics that are relevant to that person - patterned individually - picking out certain characteristics and applying them differently to different sets of people Raymond Cattell Worked at University of Illinois Tried to figure out the basic traits of personality Exclusively focused on generality (how people are similar to each other) 1. trait as “building block” traits are foundation of personality 2. search for basic traits 3. sought “periodic table” empirical methods to identify the number of elements that make up personality
Background image of page 2
4. used factor analysis technique that looks at what traits are going together a lot. Mathematical relations to figure out clusters or clumps Figures out core of clumps to come up with title/name Underlying factors of personality Basic Search for traits 1. started with 4,500 terms 2. collected data (multiple sources) L-data (Life Record) Q-Data (Questionnaire data) Self report ratings T-Data (test data) Performance on a variety of tests 3. left with 171 traits after process 4. 16 dimensions Came up with 16 dimensions he felt captured the foundations of personality 5. 16PF Measured the 16 traits
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The Big Five (and facets) Extraversion (E) Sociable – retiring Fun loving - sober Neuroticism (N) Openness to Experience (O) Agreeableness (A) Conscientiousness (C) 2/5 Criticisms and limitations of the Big 5 Model What does it tell us about personality? Lingering disagreements Openness “the big five, plus or minus two”
Background image of page 4
Over reliance on factor analysis Focus on supertraits or traits? Strengths of trait approach i. Foundational structure of personality Consensus of uniformity across society in all different populations ii. Objective Purely scientific iii. Highly generative Model that explains a phenomenon Generates ideas and hypotheses and empirical data iv. Many practical Applications Many fields have developed personality scales of their own
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 6
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 15

CSP 161 Notes - CSP 161 1/30 Trait Affects the way you...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 6. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online