BOTANY March 30 Herbs, Spices, and Perfumes

BOTANY March 30 Herbs, Spices, and Perfumes - Herbs, Spices...

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Herbs, Spices and Perfumes Herbs: Aromatic leaves, temperate origin Example: oregano Spices: aromatic bark, buds, flowers, seeds; tropical origin Example: cinnamon The characteristic scent of aromatic plants is due to the presence of essential oils , volatile substances occurring in specialized glands in the leaves, flowers, and fruits. TWO COMPOUNDS, ONE HAS A NITROGEN IN THE RING, IS THIS AN ALKALOID OR A TERPENOID (THEY HAVE NO NITROGEN). Why have spices been used? Studies of historical uses of spices in different countries has shown that more spices. Food preservation may have been traditionally been used in hotter countries, where food spoilage is a greater problem. may have been the initial function. A Brief History of the Spice Trade Ancient Egyptians used spices in medicine, cooking, in embalming, and for perfume. Papyrus of Ebers, recognized plants: cinnamon and clove as medicinal. Joseph, of the coat of many colors, was sold to spice traders bound for Egypt. Along the trade routes of antiquity went caravans with as many as 4,000 camels bearing spices and the rich merchandise of the East. Moluccas - The Spice Islands 1 st century A.D. - The use of herbs and spices spread throughout Europe with Roman civilization. When Nero’s wife died, a years supply of cinnamon was burned at her funeral. 6
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BOTANY March 30 Herbs, Spices, and Perfumes - Herbs, Spices...

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