Training and DevelopmentUnderstanding of Performance Management SystemsPotential AppraisalCareer Development2
“Training is expensive. Without training it is more expensive”Nehru
According to Flippo, training is the act of increasing the knowledge and skills of an employee for doing a particular job.A learning experience in that it seeks a relativelypermanentchangeinanindividualthatwillimprove his/ her ability to perform on the job. Itinvolves changing ofSkillsAttitudeKnowledge
Did u know?Development refers broadly to the nature anddirection of change induced in employees,particularlymanagerialpersonnel,throughthe process of training and education.5
Trainingis the formal and systematic modification of behavior through learning which occurs as a result of education, instruction, development and planned experience.Development is any learning activity, which is directed towards future, needs rather than present needs, and which is concerned more with career growth than immediate performance.
TISCO takes up training and development activities in an integrated way whichinclude all levels of employees. It has its own training centre named TISCO ManagementDevelopment Centre, besides this, its personnel are trained at Tata Management TrainingCentre at Pune and outside specialized institution like Administrative Staff College of Indiaand IIM.◦Training needs of various employees are assessed on the basis of manpower planninganddeliberationsbetweenthetrainingmanagerandconcernedlinemanagers.Discussions are also held between the training manager and employees for assessingtraining needs.◦Sahara India has always given a special emphasis on training and development ofemployees. To upgrade the skills of employees, it has performed many trainingprogrammes from time to time. Sahara believes that organization and individual shoulddevelop and progress simultaneously for their survival and attainment of mutual goals.So, every modern management has to develop the organization through human resourcedevelopment and employee training is the most important subsystem of human resourcemanagement. SICCL has always considered training as a specialized function and as oneof the fundamental operative functions for human resource management.7
Learning Dimension Training Development Who What Non-managers Technical Mechnaical Oper. Managers Theoretical Conceptual ideas Why When Specific job related info. Short term General knowledge Long run 8
On the job:ApprenticeshipJob rotationCommittee assignmentOff the job:Simulation: Vestibule training, Role playing, Case study,LectureProgrammed instruction(training is offered without the intervention of trainer)Conference MethodSeminarManagement Games