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Washam 1Emma WashamHistory 134FordCurrent Event PaperCurrent Event Paper: Syrian War HistoryBetween graphic photos of blood-stained children being passed along borders to militiagunning down citizens and government leaders, most people around the world have heard aboutthe Syrian conflict and the internal war the country is fighting.The war has been going on foralmost nine years now, and yet there seems to be no end in sight. The history and current state ofthe conflict are all vital to fully understanding the United States’ role in the war and how a civilconflict so far away relates to students at Carson-Newman University. The current state of thewar is explained in Austin Calfee’s paper.To begin, the history of the Syrian war is a vital part of understanding the current state ofthe war and the millions of people involved. In 1946 Syria and France came to an agreement thatled to the French no longer ruling over the Syrian people (Britannica). After this Syria has somemajor government changes. Starting in 1949, Husni al-Za’im gains power in a military coup, buthe quickly loses support and is overthrown by Sami al-Hinnawi. Sami al-Hinnawi then creates acivilian government, but he is overthrown by another coup in December by Adib-al-Shishakli,making Syria a military dictatorship in 1951. In 1954, yet another coup happens, and the countrygoes back to a civilian government (Britannica). The government started with a rocky start afterits freedom from French rule, and it has continued to do so almost seventy-five years later. Thecountry consistently had coups and leadership changes until the 1970s, when Assad took office
Washam 2(Britannica). Despite having multiple political parties and government changes throughout mostof the country’s infancy, Syria decided to become a power in Lebanon in 1976. Syriaintervenes in the Lebanese civil war, sending a force of 25,000 soldiers to prevent thedefeat of rightwing Christian militias. Syria’s military presence continues fornearlythree decades, enabling Syria to exert significant influence on Lebanese politics(Britannica).Its dislike of “rightwing Christians” stems from the country’s people. Syria has two majorreligious groups: Sunnis and Shia. These groups are later a reason why the current conflict inSyria began.The Sunnis and Shia share some beliefs and practices, but they differ in “doctrine, ritual,law, theology, and religious organization” (“Sunnis and Shia: Islam's Ancient Schism”). Thereare one and a half billion Sunni Muslims. They make up the majority, ninety percent, of Egypt,

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Term
Spring
Professor
Blanche
Tags
Hafez al Assad

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