Decline of the Mughals.docx - Decline of the Mughals...

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Decline of the Mughals: Reasons: Aurangzeb’s religious reforms Reinstituted Jizya Tax on non-Muslims. Destroyed Hindu Temples Enforced Islamic Laws Banned Suttee (Hindu Tradition) All of which led to Hindu’s (who formed a large part of India) agitation. Aurangzeb’s wars. Fought a war against the Rajputs Attempted to expand North (in a campaign against NWFP pathans) Numerous Rebellions (Sikhs, Satnamis, Jatts). The Maratha War which was the costliest. ^All these wars resulted in heavy taxes, and emptied the Mughal treasury. Leaving the Mughal Empire in economic misery. Aurangzeb’s love for luxury. Built palaces, spend huge sums on himself. ^E.g Pearl Mosque for his own private prayers in Dehli made him unpopular. Furthered economic decline. Indefinite law of succession. The dead Mughal emperor’s sons would fight for power. He tried preventing this by dividing the empire between his 4 sons. Didn’t work Muezzin was first emperor. Died. His sons fought. In 10 years, 12 claimed the throne. These wars cost a lot. Weakening the economy. Many capable soldiers, nobles died. Left the empire divided and weak. Lazy ass successors. Were lazy, incompetent. Unable to control government. Handed the government over to the mansabdars (Nobles put in charge, system started by Akbar. These were often corrupt, disloyal and sought their own gains) these often corrupt nobles grew in power. Some princes and rulers were assassinated by courtiers. Such as Farukhsiyar and Alamgir Thus, there was an imbalance of power. Any emperor who would take control could not rule.

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