The_Effects_of_Cardiovascular_Disease_on_African_Americans_and_Migrants

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1 The Effects of Cardiovascular Disease on African Americans and Migrants Fatuma Kitenge HA 530 Managerial Epidemiology West Coast University Dr. Paul Okpala May 3, 2020 Abstract
2 Studies on cardiovascular disease and survival show varying results between different ethnic groups. Cardiovascular disease is one of the leading causes of death in the United States for African Americans. Cardiovascular disease is used interchangeably with the term heart disease to refer to conditions that block the blood vessels that happen to lead to chest pains, heart attacks, and even stroke. In the African American community, cardiovascular disease continues to be high and is a primary cause of imbalance in life expectancy between African Americans and other ethnicities. It no longer is a disease that is exclusive to men, as nearly 8.5 million women worldwide have died of the disease. Risk factors that are strong predictors of this condition are hypertension, chronic kidney disease, high levels of cholesterol and obesity. Key terms: Heart disease, African American, women, men, cardiovascular, disparity, ethnicity, obesity The Effects of Cardiovascular Disease on African Americans
3 Cardiovascular disease is the number one killer of both men and women in the world today. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), there are approximately 800,000 deaths annually from cardiovascular disease in the US (Campbell 8). Heart disease costs the United States about $219 billion each year that includes the cost of healthcare services, medicine, and mortality. Contributing risk factors of cardiovascular disease include diabetes, tobacco use, family history and even periodontal disease. While cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of death for all Americans, deaths from cardiovascular disease are higher in African Americans due to risk factors such as the aforementioned diabetes, obesity and high blood pressure. Though the disease can be preventable through healthy lifestyles, unfortunately many African Americans do not have equal access to many resources that are needed to lead such a lifestyle, which include communities that promote a healthy way of life, communities that have access to healthy foods and even safe spaces for healthy activity.

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