PSYC 3180 Exam 2 Study Guide

PSYC 3180 Exam 2 Study Guide - PSYC 3180 Psychological...

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PSYC 3180: Psychological Testing and Measurement Exam 2 Study Guide: Chapters 6-10 Tuesday, March 19, 2013: 2:00 p.m. 3:00 p.m. in Boggs 104 ***Bring your Tulane student ID splash card & number 2 pencils with erasers *** Chapter 6: Test Development and Item Analysis Six major steps in test development o Defining the test’s purpose (statement of purpose) o Preliminary design issues (7 issues to be considered) o Item preparation (anatomy of a test item; selected-response vs. constructed response items) o Item analysis: informal vs. formal item tryout, item difficulty (p-values), distractor analysis, item discrimination (D), factor analysis as an item analysis technique, and five guidelines for item selection o Standardization program (developing norms *representativeness*) and equating programs o Preparation of final materials (five components of the final test and continuing research) Chapter 7: Intelligence Theories and Issues Areas of study, various names for intelligence tests, and the meaning of intelligence Classical theories: know the elements of Spearman’s 2-Factor Theory & Thurstone’s Primary Mental Abilities Hierarchical models: know Cattell & Horn’s Gf - Gc Theory, Vernon’s Model, and C arroll’s Summary Developmental theories: 3 main characteristics and Piaget’s theory of cognitive development Information processing approach (know the 3 variables speed of processing, knowledge base, and the ability to acquire and apply new cognitive strategies) Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences: know the 4 lines of evidence and 8 intelligences (linguistic/verbal, logical/mathematical, spatial, naturalist, musical, bodily/kinesthetic, interpersonal, and intrapersonal) Current status of intelligence theories (hierarchical vs. information-processing vs. developmental) Group differences: 3 perspectives; differences by sex; differences by age (pattern over the lifespan and Flynn
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