Psych notes 2:18:20 - 1 Jury Decisions about confessions a Fundamental Attribution Error i Tendency to underestimate external forces on another

Psych notes 2:18:20 - 1 Jury Decisions about...

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1. Jury Decisions about confessions a. Fundamental Attribution Error i. Tendency to underestimate external forces on another person’s behavior and to make a dispositional attribution for the behavior. b. Kassin and Sukel (1997) i. Mock Jurors 1. Read transcript of a trial with: (% guilty) a. No confession 19% b. Low pressure confession 62% c. High pressure confession 50% c. Confessions in court i. Presented by prosecution – generally by police officer ii. Today often video taped d. Lassiter, Slaw, Briggs and Scanlan (1992) i. Mock confessions taped from 3 angles 1. Suspect shown *rated as least coercive* 2. Officer shown 3. Both shown e. Coercion in the form of threats vs promises i. Threats – promises do bad things – longer sentences, etc. (negative coercion) ii. Promises – promises of leniency – less punishment (positive coercion) 1. Courts view as equivalent 2. Jurors don’t view them as identical 3. People have tendency to view behavior where someone appears to gain something as more voluntary and person as having more freedom of choice and to be more responsible for their behavior f. Positive Coercion Bias i. Kassin & Wrightsman (1980, 1981) ii. Wrightsman & Kassin (1993) iii. Mock jurors 1. No confession 2.

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