Psych notes 2:27:20.docx - Juries 1 1970 \u2013 Supreme court upholds conviction by 6-person jury 2 1972 \u2013 Supreme court upholds conviction by

Psych notes 2:27:20.docx - Juries 1 1970 u2013 Supreme...

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Juries 1. 1970 – Supreme court upholds conviction by 6-person jury 2. 1972 – Supreme court upholds conviction by non-unanimous jury a. 9-3 for conviction 3. 1986 – Supreme court rules – lawyers cannot eliminate people from jury in any way that systematically discriminates against a group a. In death penalty cases can exclude people who would not ever be willing to vote for death 4. Goal – representative cross section of community a. Psychological-heterogeneous group produces better decisions b. Statistical – representative sample will have more variability c. Political – all segments need to be included in process so that it is seen as fair 5. 1 st stage list of eligible jurors a. 1968 Jury Selection & Service Act i. Random selection from fair cross section of community, no one can be excluded based on race, color, sex, nation of origin, religion, or economic status ii. Jury pool must consist of at least all eligible voters iii. Names selected at random b. Supreme Court has ruled that series of pools over time need to be representative – every single pool does not need to be c. Courts frequently build list from registered voters often underrepresent i. Young people ii. Elderly people iii. Low SES iv. Minorities 6. 2 nd stage – sample for a period of time a. Send questionnaire about eligibility including asking about exemptions i.

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