Graves_ Aphrodite and Eros.pdf - Feb 3rd Aphrodite and Eros...

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Feb. 3rd Aphrodite and Eros Graves: The Greek Myth CLAS 2000 1) The Birth of Aphrodite - APHRODITE , Goddess of Desire , rose naked from the foam of the sea and , riding on a scallop shell , stepped ashore first on the island of Cythera ; but finding this only a small island , passed on to the Peloponnese , and eventually took up residence at Paphos , in Cyprus , still the principal seat of her worship - Grass and flowers sprang from the soil wherever she trod - At Paphos , the Seasons , daughters of Themis , hastened to clothe and adorn her - b) Some hold that she sprang from the foam which gathered about the genitals of Uranus , when Cronus threw them into the sea ; others , that Zeus begot her on Dione , daughter either of Oceanus and Tethys the sea - nymph , or of Air and Earth - But all agree that she takes the air accompanied by doves and sparrows
Feb. 3rd - Shells carpeted the floor of her palace sanctuary at Cnossus ; she is shown on a gem from the Indian Cave blowing a triton - shell , with a sea - anemone lying beside her altar ; the sea - urchin and cuttle - fish were sacred to her - A triton - shell was found in her early sanctuary at Phaestus , and many more in late Minoan tombs , some of these being terracotta replicas 2) The Birth of Eros - Some argue that Eros , hatched from the world - egg , was the first of the gods since , without him , none of the rest could have been born - They make him coeval with Mother Earth and Tartarus , and deny that he had any father or mother, unless it were Eileithyia , Goddess of Childbirth - b) Others hold that he was Aphrodite's son by Hermes , or by Ares , or by her own father , Zeus ; or the son of Iris by the West Wind - He was a wild boy , who showed no respect forage or station but flew about on golden wings , shooting barbed arrows at random or wantonly setting hearts on fire with his dreadful torches 1. Eros ( “ sexual passion ' ) was a mere abstraction to Hesiod - The early Greeks pictured him as a Ker

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