Athletic Training EXAM TWO

Athletic Training EXAM TWO - AT EXAM 2: Emergency...

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Unformatted text preview: AT EXAM 2: Emergency Assessment 28/02/2008 05:19:00 Primary Survey Assess life threatening injuries Secondary Survey HOPS Skin Color (vital sign) Red: o Heat stroke o High BP o High temp White: o Decreased circulation o Shock o Freight o Internal hemorrhage Blue: o Cyanotic o obstructed airway o problem breathing: choking or cardiac arrest Yellow: o Jaundice (liver problems) AT EXAM TWO: Blood-Borne Pathogens 28/02/2008 05:19:00 Blood-borne Pathogens Transmitted through contact with blood or other bodily fluid Most significant: HBV and HIV o Hep B and Human Immunodeficiency virus Hepatitis o A: o C: Rare o D: Due to complications from Hep B Hepatitis B o Stronger and more durable than HIV o Major cause of viral infection  Swelling, soreness, loss of liver function o May have flu-like s/sx o Can carry without knowing Vaccination: 3 doses over 6 month pd. o Post-exposure vacc. Available HIV o Retrovirus that combines with host cell o Infects T4 Blood Cells, B cells and monocytes (macrophages) o No Vaccine  drugs slow production, progression Universal Precautions in Athletic Environment 1991: OSHA (occupational safety and health administration) est. standards for employer to follow that govern occupational exposure to blood-borne pathogens All sports programs should have control plan Primary Precautions o 1.) Gloves o 2.) Bio-hazard  Warning labels  Bio-hazard bags o 3.) Disinfectants  chlorine bleach, antiseptics, proper receptacles for soiled equipment and uniforms, wound care equipment  1 part bleach: 10 parts water o 4.) Sharps  needles, razorblades, and scalpels  special containers  do not recap, bend needles or remove from syringe  scissors and tweezers need sterilized regularly o Universal Safety Precautions  1. Wash hands before and after care  2. Wear disposable gloves when contacting bodily fluids  3. Wear other protective gear (eyewear, bonnet, smock)  4. Discard all bloody items in biohazard container  5. Clean/sterilize all instruments  6. Clean all surfaces regularly AT EXAM TWO: The Foot 28/02/2008 05:19:00 Foot Skeletal System 26 bones/foot o Tarsals: 7 bones  Assist in support and locomotion  Talus  Calcaneus  Navicular  Cuboid  Cuneiforms (1-3) * b/w navicular and metatarsals on medial side Metatarsals (#1-5) o long bones o first is weight bearing-strongest Phalanges (14) o Distal, middle, proximal Joints of the Foot o Interphalangeal: B/w phalanges  Motion: flexion/extension  PIP and DIP joints o Metatarsal Phalangeal (MTP) 1-5  Motions: flexion/extension Abduction/adduction...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course AT 157 taught by Professor Kit during the Spring '08 term at Vermont.

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Athletic Training EXAM TWO - AT EXAM 2: Emergency...

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