Textbook Reading for Quiz 2.docx - Ch 4 The Baroque...

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Ch. 4 The Baroque Characteristics: Emergence of powerful middle class and monarchies Secular but still pious thinkers Perfection of major and minor tonality Opera: Recitative: conversational delivery, gives context Aria: formal with full instrumental accompaniment, emotive response Opera seria: serious opera; ruler of words De capo aria (A-B, da capo to A) Basso Continuo Ongoing bass part, foundation Usually 2 or more players Keyboard (harpsichord) and cello Ritornello “That which returns” Introduces a movement, then comes back to serve as a pt of structural reference Henry Purcell, “When I Am Laid in Earth” from Dido and Aeneas queen commits suicide bc her love abandoned her Basso ostinato (recurring bass pattern) Instruments: Violin family: violin, viola, cello Double reed instruments: oboe, bassoon Harpsichord Sonata: solo and chamber-sized compositions for instruments (usually 4 players) Bach Pious Works identified by BWV number Composed for Lutheran church Handel More theater and secular Perfected italian opera seria

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