Mid-Term Review

Mid-Term Review - ESC 1000 Mid-Term Exam Review Part I 1....

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ESC 1000 Mid-Term Exam Review Part I 1. The 4 major subfields of Earth Science are -geology -oceanography -meteorology -astronomy 2. Mt. Everest is 29,028 ft high (5.5 miles). 3. The average depth of the ocean is 2.3 miles . 4. The deepest part of the ocean is the Mariana Trench @ 36,204 ft (6.8 miles) . 5. Earth’s 4 spheres are the -hydrosphere -atmosphere -biosphere -geosphere 6. fact : a repeatable observation or measurement 7. scientific law : a summary statement of regular patterns in nature 8. hypothesis : a possible explanation of related facts 9. theory : a hypothesis that has withstood critical testing 10. A good scientific theory -makes testable predictions -fruitful, and stimulate further research -potentially falsifiable -broad in scope -coherent, simple, and even elegant -compelling 11. Three major philosophical assumptions of science -nature is intelligible : the world, out there, can be objectively, truly known and understood by us in spite of our limitations -nature is uniform : natural processes and natural laws operate in the same way throughout the known universe, and throughout time -methodological naturalism : science can only investigate naturalistic causes. Science cannot deny the existence of the supernatural, nor deny that some type of providence is working with nature 12. Latitude of the Equator: 13. Latitude of the Antarctic Circle: 14. Latitude of the Tropic of Cancer: 15. Latitude of the Tropic of Capricorn: 16. Longitude of the Prime Meridian:
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17. Longitude of the International Date Line: 18. The tilt axis of the Earth is: Part II 1. ecliptic : the yearly path of the sun plotted against the background of stars 2. zodiac : a band along the ecliptic containing the 12 constellations of the zodiac 3. Polaris : 4. 7 wanderers : 5. geocentric cosmos (Ptolemaic System) : an Earth-centered system of the universe 6. heliocentric cosmos : sun-centered system of the universe 7. How Ptolemy explained “retrograde motion”
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Mid-Term Review - ESC 1000 Mid-Term Exam Review Part I 1....

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