URST final review - Community refers to a group of people...

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Community refers to a group of people sharing: 1. Physical space or location 2. A trait, preference or activity 3. A strong identity, culture and history For Feridnand Tonnies, the strong family ties and traditional authority of preindustrial rural Gemeinschaft (community) were destroyed by the transient superficial and calculating actions of individuals “in the public sphere in the outside world” of Gesellschaft (society) For Emile Durkheim, urbanization replaced mechanical solidarity based on proximity and a “collective conscience” of shared morality with organic solidarity based on the division of labor, functional interdependence, and impersonal contracts and penalties The modern mind has become more and more a calculating one- Georg Simmel – Degrees of awareness and the overload of sensory stimuli and how we process it, creation of the metropolitan type- takes on thousand modifications, we become numb Louis Wirth- indifference, blasé outlook, people must segment their identities For Louis Wirth, urbanism creates the segmented self as people relate to one another in specific narrowly defined roles for particular narrowly defined purposes. For Wirth, the city acquires the social life that individuals are losing New perspectives on urban community: 1. A revival of interest in classical ideas, such as the division of labor. 2. Creative reversals of some of the dichotomies 3. Exploration of the effects of globalization community, particularly in rapidly changing places like post-reform China 4. Consideration of the effects of new technologies, such as social networking, on community. “Urbanism as a way of life” may have disappeared by spreading itself everywhere “Metropolis” comes from the Greek meter (mother) + polis (city) Jean Gottman saw the separate cities and suburbs of the US East Coast coalescing into an entirely new kind of city: Megalopolis The Extended Metropolitan Region (EMR) is created by: 1. A thickening of market relations for rural areas that serve nearby cities. 2. The penetration of global market forces into the countryside 3. Rapid industrialization and development of rural areas that alters traditional patterns of rural-urban migration The desakota: from the Indonesian words kota (town) + desa (village). Regions of mixed agricultural and non-agricultural activities in corridors between big cities
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For Ed Soja, Los Angeles is expolis = the city without, where centrality is available everywhere Concepts used to define metropolitan areas in the Canada and in the US: 1. A large central population 2. Surrounding areas with high population densities or large number of computers 3. Adjustments to consider overlapping areas and the opinions of local officials and experts In the Canada and the US, metropolitan areas: 1. Encompass many areas that still have rural or small-town characteristics 2. Are becoming more difficult to separate on the basis of commuting flows thanks to new spatial arrangements of home and work Urban ecologists
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  • Fall '12
  • Wyly
  • Urban area

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