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Final Exam Review

Final Exam Review - Danielle Vannoy POT 1002 Final Exam...

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Danielle Vannoy POT 1002 Final Exam Review Ch.10 1. selective service: official name of the military draft 2. political culture: moral values, beliefs, and myths people live by and are willing to die for 3. collective memory: the things we learn about in grade school, what we come to “know” about our leaders 4. political socialization: process by which members of a community are taught the basic values of their society 5. civil education: process of inculcating in potential citizens the fundamental values and beliefs of the established order 6. liberal education: stresses the development of critical thinking skills 7. Why has the concept of citizenship been of central important to Aristotle and other political thinkers? -Because if they are not citizens then they would not have to follow the laws and rules that were established. 8. What factors influence the political socialization of citizens? Schools, peer groups, media, gender, politics, religion, family status, and social class. Ch. 11 1. civil disobedience: violation of the law in a nonviolent and open manner to call attention to a legal, political, or social injustice 2. subversion: attempt to undermine a government 3. sedition: formenting of revolution 4. public opinion: view held by citizens that influences the decisions and policies of government officials 5. tracking polls: repeated sampling of voters to assess shifts in attitudes or behavior over time 6. simple majority: largest bloc of voters in an election 7. proportional representation: any political structure under which seats in the legislature are allocated to each party based on the percentage of the popular vote each receives 8. plebiscite: a vote by an entire community on some specific issue of public policy 9. referendum: a vote through which citizens may directly repeal an action taken by the legislature 10. initiative: a vote by which citizens directly repeal an action of the legislature 11. recall: direct voting to remove an elected official from office 12. political efficacy: the ability to participate meaningfully in political activities
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13. alienation: feeling on the part of the ordinary citizens that normal political participation is of no consequence or that they are barred from effective participation 14. individualism: direction of one’s feelings toward oneself 15. political apathy: lack of interest in political participation 16. political party: any group of individuals who agree on some or all aspects of public policy 17. coalition government: in a multi-party parliamentary system, the political situation in which no single party has a majority 18. interest groups: association of individuals that attempts to influence policy and legislation 19. lobbyists: people who attempt to influence governmental policy in favor of some special interest 20. political action committees: groups organized to raise campaign funds 21. soft money: campaign contributions to national party committees that do not have to be reported to the Federal Election Commission
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Final Exam Review - Danielle Vannoy POT 1002 Final Exam...

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