Mid Term Review

Mid Term Review - Danielle Vannoy POT 1002 Ch. 1 1....

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Danielle Vannoy POT 1002 Ch. 1 1. politics : the way human beings govern and are governed, the art of the possible 2. legitimate authority : the legal and moral right of a government to rule over a specific population and control a specific territory 3. order : existing or desired arrangement of institutions based on certain principles, such as liberty, equality, prosperity, and security 4. government : the persons and institutions that make and enforce rules or laws for the larger community 5. republics : a form of government in which sovereignty resides in the people of that country, rather than with the rulers 6. state : an independent political-administrative unit that successfully claims the allegiance of a given population 7. sovereignty : a governments capacity to assert supreme power successfully in a political state 8. country : sovereign state and is roughly equivalent to nation on nation-state 9. nation-state : a geographically defined community administered by a government 10. multinational state : sovereign states that contain two or more major ethnolinguistic groups in the territories they control 11. positivism : a philosophy of science originated by Auguste Comte that stresses observable, scientific facts as the sole basis of proof and truth 12. political realism : the philosophy that power is the key variable in all political relationships and should be used pragmatically and prudently to advance the nation interest 13. On what three fundamental concepts is the study of politics based? -power -order -justice Ch. 2 1. ideology : any set of fixed, predictable ideas held by politicians and citizens on how to serve the public good 2. anarchism : a system that opposes in principle the existence of any form of government, often through violence and lawlessness 3. nihilism : a philosophy that holds that the total destruction of all existing social and political institutions is a desirable end in itself 4. libertarianism : a system based on the belief that government is a necessary evil that should interfere with individual freedom and privacy as little as possible 5. monarchism : a system based on the belief that political power should be concentrated in one person who rules by decree 6. fascism : a totalitarian political system that is headed by a popular charismatic leader and in which a single political party and carefully controlled violence form the bases of complete social and political control 7. capitalism : an economic system in which individuals own the means of production and can legally amass unlimited personal wealth 8. collectivism : the belief that the public good is best served by common ownership of a political community’s means of production and distribution 9. socialism : an ideology favoring collective and government ownership over individual or private ownership
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10. utopian socialists : individuals who believed that public ownership of property could be effectively accomplished and could solve most important political problems
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course POT 1002 taught by Professor Thornhill during the Fall '07 term at Okaloosa-Walton.

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Mid Term Review - Danielle Vannoy POT 1002 Ch. 1 1....

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