unit1_lecture1 - MCTS Guide to Configuring Microsoft...

This preview shows page 1 - 11 out of 40 pages.

MCTS Guide to Configuring Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Active Directory Chapter 3: Introducing Active Directory
MCTS Windows Server 2008 Active Directory 2 Objectives 2 Describe the role of a directory service and the physical and logical Active Directory structure Install Active Directory Describe the main Active Directory objects Explain configuring and applying group policies
MCTS Windows Server 2008 Active Directory 3 The Role of a Directory Service A network directory service stores information about a computer network and offers features for retrieving and managing that information Generally considered to be an administrative tool, but users make use of directory services to find resources Directory services provide a centralized management tool, but due to complexity, require careful planning prior to setup
MCTS Windows Server 2008 Active Directory 4 Windows Active Directory First used by Windows 2000 Server Offers the following features: Hierarchical organization Centralized but distributed database Scalability Security Flexibility Policy-based administration
MCTS Windows Server 2008 Active Directory 5 Overview of the Active Directory Structure Physical structure Consists of sites and servers configured as domain controllers Logical structure Makes it possible to pattern the directory service’s look and feel after the organization in which it runs
MCTS Windows Server 2008 Active Directory 6 Active Directory’s Physical StructureAn Active Directory site is simply a physical location in which domain controllers communicate and replicate information regularly Each domain controller contains a full replica of the objects that make up the domain and is responsible for the following functions: Storing a copy of the domain data and replicating changes to that data to all other domain controllers throughout the domain Providing data search and retrieval functions for users attempting to locate objects in the directory Providing authentication and authorization services for users who log on to the domain and attempt to access network resources
MCTS Windows Server 2008 Active Directory 7 Active Directory’s Logical StructureOrganizational Units (OUs) Domains Trees Forests
MCTS Windows Server 2008 Active Directory 8 Active Directory’s Logical Structure (cont.)The organizational unit (OU) is an Active Directory container used to organize a network’s users and resources into logical administrative units An OU contains Active Directory objects, such as: User accounts Groups Computer accounts Printers Shared folders Applications Servers Domain controllers
MCTS Windows Server 2008 Active Directory 9 Active Directory’s Logical Structure (cont.)
MCTS Windows Server 2008 Active Directory 10 Active Directory’s Logical Structure (cont.)Domain: The core structural unit of an Active Directory; contains OUs and represents

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture