Making the Modern Nation-State Unit 2012-2013 - Lesson 5 6 - Germany

Making the Modern Nation-State Unit 2012-2013 - Lesson 5 6 - Germany

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L5 & L6: Nation-State Building in Germany Agenda Objective : To understand… 1. The Process of German UniFcation 2. Otto Von Bismarck, his beliefs, and his role in the uniFcation process. 3. The role of nationalism in the creation of Germany. 4. How nationalism played a different role in German UniFcation than in earlier revolutions. Schedule : 1. Opening activity 2. German UniFcation lecture and discussion Homework : 1.Consult unit schedule. 2.Reminder: Writing Goals for Nation- State Paper Due Next Class!
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Germany 1815 German-speaking parts of Europe are divided into 39 states. These states were governed by an association called the German Confederation created by the Congress of Vienna. The most powerful inFuences in the Confederation was the German state of Prussia and the Austrian Empire, who Metternich had made a dominant partner in the Confederation.
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Early German Nationalism: What was It? The frst, original, and truly natural boundaries oF states are beyond doubt their internal boundaries. Those who speak the same language are joined to each other by a multitude oF invisible bonds by nature herselF, long beFore any human art begins; they understand each other and have the power oF continuing to make themselves understood more and more clearly; they belong together and are by nature one and an inseparable whole. - Johann ±ichte We want Germany to be considered one land and the German people one people….We should like Germany to have the Freest possible [constitution]…[one] that fts in with the spirit oF the times and with the people s own level oF enlightenment, rather than what each prince gives his people according to what he likes and what serves his private interest. - Heinrich von Gagern
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Early German Nationalism Led by students, early German nationalist demonstrates took on a violent and rebellious tone. For example in October 1817 students burned books on a great bonfre to protest their discontent. In response, Metternich imposed the Karlsbad Decrees on Germany.
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German Revolution 1848 Word of France s revolutionary activity in 1848 spread quickly throughout Europe and soon at public assemblies throughout Germany, liberals were demanding uni±cation. As in Paris, German citizens began building barricades in Berlin in the German state of Prussia.
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German Revolution 1848 In response, the Prussian King, Frederick William IV decided to make concessions rather than unleash further violence and bloodshed.
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Making the Modern Nation-State Unit 2012-2013 - Lesson 5 6 - Germany

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