Period 4 Jeffersonian America Video Guide.pptx - Name Yvette Zapata Period 1st Date Jeffersonian America Video Textbook Notes-Democratic-Republican

Period 4 Jeffersonian America Video Guide.pptx - Name...

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/ Video link Jeffersonian America Name: Yvette Zapata Period: 1st Date: 2/8/21 Video & Textbook Notes -Democratic-Republican Thomas Jefferson was pitted against Federalist John Adams in the 1800 race. The election was a vote on two visions of America that were different. A powerful central government and a stable manufacturing sector were envisioned by the Federalists, while the Democratic-Republicans longed for an agricultural republic based on the ideals of the yeoman farmer. -Major problems of the election: the Alien and Sedition Acts, which John Adams had signed into law in 1798. The acts made it harder for immigrants to become citizens of the United States, and contained a clause criminalizing false statements critical of the federal government. -The Democratic-Republican opposition, which had been highly critical of Adams and the Federalists, was specifically threatened by this clause. The campaigns were bitter and divisive, with both sides launching heated accusations, vilifying each other, and engaging in slander and character assassination. Adams and Jefferson, former friends and compatriots, had become bitter enemies. - The election of 1800 was fiercely contested and extremely acrimonious, to the point that outgoing president John Adams refused to even shake in the same time, it was the first peaceful transfer of power coming president Thomas Jefferson’s hand; but at from one political party to another. - The Judiciary act eliminated a Supreme Court seat and relieved justices of circuit court responsibilities. The act abolished the existing circuit courts and established six circuit courts with sixteen new circuit judgeships. -The Act provided more convenient organization of the Courts of the United States". John Adams, leader of the Federalists, signed the act into law on February 13, 1801, less than 3 weeks before the end of his presidency and the start of the Jefferson presidency.

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