Chapter 3 Reactions in Solutions

Sugar ethanol ethylene glycol

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Unformatted text preview: tes. sugar ethanol ethylene glycol Water Solubility of Ionic Compounds Water Solubility of Ionic Compounds If one ion from the “Soluble Compd.” list is present in a compound, the compound is water soluble. Water Solubility of Ionic Compounds Water Solubility of Ionic Compounds Common minerals are often formed Common with anions that lead to insolubility: with sulfide fluoride sulfide carbonate oxide carbonate Iron pyrite, a sulfide Azurite, a copper carbonate Orpiment, arsenic sulfide ACIDS An acid -------> H++ iin water An acid -------> H n water An Some strong acids are Some strong acids HCl hydrochloric H2SO4 sulfuric HClO4 perchloric HNO3 ACIDS An acid -------> H++ iin water An acid -------> H n water An HCl(aq) ---> H+(aq) + Cl(aq) The The Nature of Acids HCl H 2O Cl- hydronium ion H 3O+ Weak Acids Weak Acids WEAK ACIDS = WEAK weak electrolytes weak CH3CO2H acetic acid H2CO3 carbonic acid H3PO4 phosphoric acid Acetic acid ACIDS ACIDS Nonmetal oxides can be Nonmetal acids acids CO2(aq) + H2O(liq) O(liq) ---> H2CO3(aq) SO3(aq) + H2O(liq) O(liq) ---> H2SO4(aq) BASES see Screen 5.9 and see Table 5.2 Table Base ---> OH-- iin water Base ---> OH n water Base NaOH(aq) (aq) NaOH is NaOH a strong base base ---> Na+(aq) + OH- Ammonia, NH3 Ammonia, An Important Base BASES BASES Metal oxides are Metal bases bases CaO(s) + CaO(s) H...
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