Definitions and Methods of Each Discipline.docx -...

This preview shows page 1 - 5 out of 14 pages.

Definitions and Methods of Each Discipline:AnthropologySociologyPsychologyTheories (Schools of Thought) of Each Discipline:Anthropology:FunctionalismStructuralismCultural MaterialismSociology:Structural-FunctionalismNeo-MarxismFeminist TheorySymbolic InteractionismInclusionismPsychology:Psychoanalytic TheoryHumanismBehaviourismCognitive TheorySocial Scientists:Karl MarxSigmund FreudB.F. SkinnerIvan PavlovAlfred AdlerKarl JungAbraham MaslowKey Terms and Cases:Social ScienceAnthropologySociologyPsychologyMatrilinealPatrilinealMatriarchalPatriarchalRolesStatusHierarchyNorms
RulesSocializationDevianceInferiority ComplexRehabilitationEthnographySuperegoEgoIdKinshipFictive KinshipCultureInstitutionsValueKitty Genovese CaseBystander Effect and Diffusion of ResponsibilityMontreal Massacre
Definitions and Methods of Each DisciplineAnthropology:Definition– the study of the human species and its origins and the development of its language and cultureIt is concerned with both the biological and cultural aspects of human beingsFundamental Questions:How was human culture developed?What symbols do cultures share?How did humans learn to manipulate their environment?How was language established?Fundamental Beliefs:Understanding our origins will help explain how we live, communicate and interact with our environmentCulture and Anthropology:For anthropologists and other behavioural scientists, culture is the full range of learned human behaviour patternsAnthropologists examine changes in culture and they try to recognize what factors made that culture changeHow do Anthropologists Gather their Research?Participant Observation:Best way to get to know another societyAnthropologists live with their subjects for a long time, participate as a group or community member, and record their observationsGaining a first-hand perspectiveCollecting StatisticsConducting Field InterviewsListening to StoriesCompiling Detailed NotesEthnographyThe fieldwork of anthropologists and it is the scientific study of human races and culturesFour Main Divisions of Anthropology (PCAL):Physical Anthropology
Mechanisms of biological evolution, genetic inheritance, human adaptability and variation, primatology, and the fossil record of human evolutionCultural AnthropologyCultural, ethnocentrism, cultural aspects of language and communication, subsistence and other economic patterns, kinship, sex and marriage, socialization, social control, political organization, class, ethnicity, gender, religion and cultural changeArchaeologyPrehistory and early history of cultures around the world; major trends in cultural evolution; and techniques for finding, excavating, dating, and analyzing material remains of past societiesLinguistic AnthropologyThe human communication process focusing on the importance of

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 14 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Winter
Professor
N/A

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture