early-chirstian-and-byzantine - Architecture 210 History of...

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Architecture 210: History of Architecture 1 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Prof. John Senseney EARLY CHRISTIAN AND BYZANTINE ARCHITECTURE CHRONOLOGY: You do not need to memorize this chronology for the exam, but you will perform better and reduce your confusion if you do learn the precise chronological sequence, as well as the dates roughly. Legalization of Christianity: AD 313 Constantine moves capital from Rome to Constantinople: AD 330 Christianity becomes official religion of the Roman state: AD 380 GEOGRAPHY: Rome Constantinople Ravenna BACKGROUND: The term “Early Christian” refers to Christian material and visual culture and history in the Roman Empire. The term “Byzantine” is a modern term referring to the culture of the Greek-speaking world in the age of Christianity. We derive the term from Byzantium, the fishing village on the Bosporus (in modern Turkey) where Constantine founded his new city Constantinople, which he made the new capital of the Roman Empire. Byzantine civilization, then, was really a continuation of the Roman Empire. People referred to themselves not as “Byzantines,” but rather “Romans.” Constantinople was the “Second Rome.” Byzantine civilization endured until 1453, when Constantinople fell to the Ottoman Turks. Constantinople thereby became Istanbul. TERMS:
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course ARCH 210 taught by Professor Senseney during the Spring '08 term at University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.

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early-chirstian-and-byzantine - Architecture 210 History of...

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