RPH ASSIGNMENT.docx - Book 1 The Philippines A Past...

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Book 1: The Philippines: A Past Revisited by Renato Constantino Author(s): Constantino, Renato, Constantino, Letizia R. (collaborator) Year of Publication: 1975 Name of Publisher: Tala Pub. Services. Citation (Chicago, History): Constantino, Renato, and Letizia R. Constantino. 1975. The Philippines: a past revisited. Quezon City: Tala Pub. Services. Reference: E-book: - renato-constantino.pdf This book is Constantino's attempt at a major breakthrough in Philippine historiography: he looks at the oppression of the Filipino masses from earliest time to 1941 and the struggle of men like himself to crack through the stereotypes hitherto propagated by Spaniards and Americans about the Filipinos. Themes: 1. Quest for knowledge-revisiting the past for new interpretations 2. Patriotism (positive side) 3. Colonialism/Colonial oppression Historical Writing Style(s): Narrative – The author’s initiative to rewrite the Philippine History from the point of view of a Filipino because at that point in time, certain foreign sources which used to be the staple of history books were flawed by bias, all these spurred the recurring attempts to revisit the past. Descriptive – The author detailed how the Filipino people have had the misfortune of being “liberated” four times in the entire history. How people resisted each ruler, the struggles that has the most profound effect on the people themselves. Describing/narrating:
- The Colonial Landscape -the changing of the lives of the native population. New customs, traditions, institutions, and practices. - The patterns of struggle -the fundamental aspect of Philippine history is the history of the struggles of its people for freedom and a better life. o People’s rebellion -the resistance, their nature of responses viewed within the context of the society of the oppressor and the society of the oppressed. - Progress and protest -the physical opening of the country to foreign commerce, forming the core of the ideology of developing capitalism that created social forces which required for their own development of an atmosphere of greater freedom. - Revolution and nationhood -Illustrados-the articulators that projected the different grievances and aspirations of the people, creating among a majority of the people sense of nationality being separate and distinct, and a counter- consciousness that provided a set of alternatives to colonial oppression that helped mobilize forces that would effect changes in the emerging nation and in the people, changes which would in many ways be more far-reaching than the illustrados themselves envisioned. The Illustrados served as to project a consciousness of nationhood among the people that was already latent in their practice.

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