The Philippines: A Past Revisited
by Renato Constantino
Constantino, Renato, Constantino, Letizia R. (collaborator)
Year of Publication: 1975
Name of Publisher: Tala Pub. Services.
Citation (Chicago, History):
Constantino, Renato, and Letizia R. Constantino. 1975. The
Philippines: a past revisited. Quezon City: Tala Pub. Services.
This book is Constantino's attempt at a major breakthrough in Philippine historiography: he
looks at the oppression of the Filipino masses from earliest time to 1941 and the struggle of
men like himself to crack through the stereotypes hitherto propagated by Spaniards and
Americans about the Filipinos.
1. Quest for knowledge-revisiting the past for new interpretations
2. Patriotism (positive side)
3. Colonialism/Colonial oppression
Historical Writing Style(s):
– The author’s initiative to rewrite the Philippine History from the point of
view of a Filipino because at that point in time, certain foreign sources which used to
be the staple of history books were flawed by bias, all these spurred the recurring
attempts to revisit the past.
– The author detailed how the Filipino people have had the misfortune
of being “liberated” four times in the entire history. How people resisted each ruler,
the struggles that has the most profound effect on the people themselves.