SOC study guide_exam 2.docx - Soc100 Study Guide Exam 2...

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Soc100 Study Guide Exam 2 This exam only contains multiple choice questions. However, answering the open-ended questions below will help you prepare for the exam by reminding you of many important concepts and encouraging you to do more than memorize information. The questions below often encourage you to illustrate the ideas using your own examples and to use the ideas in your thinking. You will need to do that on the exam too. How should I use this study guide? Review the PowerPoint files and your notes and answer the questions below. Then meet with some classmates to examine how your answers are similar and different. When you find questions you cannot answer or questions that prompted very different answers from different people, review the PowerPoint files, your notes, the textbook, other lecture materials, and the films. If you still cannot answer the questions, contact your TA for help. Social Control and Deviance 1. How can you tell that the collective conscience exists in an in-person class, and how would the behaviors you see in our classroom be different if there were no collective conscience? conscience —the common set of norms and beliefs about how the world works. This binds people together and helps everyone to conform by defining and helping people agree upon what is and is not acceptable behavior (as well as how unacceptable behavior is punished), all of which can keep society stable. Collective conscience : common set of norms and beliefs about how the world works Binds people together, encourages conformity Defines what is considered deviant and how it is punished. 2. Use the terms collective conscience and deviance to explain why an army drill sergeant might like it when there are one or two “trouble-makers” under his command. helping people agree upon what is and is not acceptable behavior (as well as how unacceptable behavior is punished) 3. According to Durkheim, there are two basic foundations for solidarity in a society or community. What are they, and which one would you expect to be most important for Purdue undergraduates in their academic experiences on campus? -mechanical solidarity (similarity): emphasized in pre-modern society. -organic solidarity(interdependence): emphasized in modern society. expected to be most important for Purdue undergraduates. Collective conscience : common set of norms and beliefs about how the world works 1
Anomie : sense of aimlessness or despair that arises when social norms no longer strongly guide individual behavior & social life is no longer predictable Defining deviance can reestablish collective conscience, clarifying moral boundaries Deviance can also push/change those boundaries 4. Why is it not possible to know if a particular act, like having a tattoo, is deviant without information about the social context?

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