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notes-3rd test

notes-3rd test - David 5:28:00 PM Napoleon Crossing the...

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Neoclassicism Romanticism 19/03/2008 16:28:00 David  “Napoleon Crossing the Alps” 1801 o David became unpopular when Napolean fell from power Ingres “The Apotheosis of Homer” 1827 o Shows no brushstrokes, very realistic, almost photographic o Aspired to be a history painter “Large Odalisque” 1814 o one of his most famous works o reclining nude theme was popular, controversial o odalisque: Turkish word harem slave  o he elongated the proportions of the female body- elegance o he made head, hands, and feet are too small “The Turkish Bath” 1862 o Sanitized version of near east eroticism o Orientalism   John Henry Fusili
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“The Nightmare” 1781 o obsession with the gothic, occult, living to the extreme o based on a Swiss legend of an incubus that sneaks in and has sex  with women when they sleep. o Eroticism, Freud displayed it in his home William Blake “Elohim Creating Adam” 1795 o Illustrated his obsession with biblical themes  Antoine-Jean Gros “Napoleon in the Plague House at Jaffa” 1804 o reminiscent of David’s work, theme is really different though o illustrates event that took place during Napoleon’s army’s visit to Jaffa  where his soldiers got the bubonic plague  o paints the scene in a beneficent light, not really that way o contradicts romanticism, not realistic.  Sympathized with nap. Gericault “The Raft of the Medusa” c.1818-19 o idealized history painting  o incompetent captain, crew took all lifeboats o called attention to government corruption
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o passengers put together this small raft, 15 survived o of the moment story, happened recently o romantic in composition, theme, realistic, grittyness Eugene Delacroix “Scenes from the Massacre at Chios” 1822-24 o intense, got a passionate response o took place when Greece was trying to gain independence from the  Ottoman Empire o People who are waiting to be taken and sold into slavery  o People right in the foreground “Death of Sardanapalus” 1827 o High drama and emotionalism o Based on a poem by Lord Byrum about Sardanapalus o He ordered his possessions destroyed and burned himself as well as  his harem girls  o Eastern theme, contemporary literature, eroticism, intensity  Landscape Painting Notion of the sublime vs the beautiful Caspar David Friedrich “Wanderer Above a Sea of Mist” c.1818
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o self-portrait o drama, mist, waves crashing  “Abbey in the Oak Forest” o not the same drama or intensity o philosophical meditation on humanity o human work and its transience  JMW Turner “The Slave Ship” o
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