SECOND EXAM NOTES

SECOND EXAM NOTES - Foreign Policy Privileges individual...

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Foreign Policy 20/02/2008 10:09:00 Privileges individual  decision-making Foreign Policy process strategy  usually has a theme to it.  theoretical guidance. 1) Individuals rational 2) State 3) System MY INTEREST three systemic ways individual decision-makers diverge from rationality perception, misperception, rational o how you see, is how decisions are made affect, or affective bias o how individuals feel, like or dislike o Bush vs. Saddam, Bush vs. Shevardnadze Cognitive bias o How you think Wishful thinking, justification effort Enemy image, mirror image Historical analogy Munich analogy, appeasement is soooooo bad Vietnam analogy, quagmire Iraq?
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Foreign Policy: Allison’s Models of Decision Making Allison’s Models of Decision Making
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Rational Model , or Rational Actor Assumes the process is rational and predictable o Clarify goals o Prioritize goals o List alternative policies o Investigate consequences of likely policies o Select the “best” or most rational policy Risk is still a factor, bias is still a factor Bureaucratic politics, or government bargaining model notes that different agencies with competing interests are involved in the decision  making process and they ultimately bargain for outcomes they are rational, but seek their own interest as the best means to national  interest examples include: state dept. vs. department of defense (DOD) or Afghanistan  specialist in state vs. counter-terrorist specialist in state, etc.  Interest and bargaining are key. Silly circle chart
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Organizational Process Model notes that the process is rational bargains among state agencies babblinggg –  standard operating procedure-do what you did last time BABBLING BABBLINGGGGGG SOP decision
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Presidential Management Model how the president wants to make decisions; in terms of his own comfort level he does what he wants, fool.                                                   Most trusted Crisis                                                                  (They all give advice) sometimes called a collegial meeting Nixon-Kissinger Model He’s a pragmatist (Nixon) Kissinger used to be an IR professor, named national security advisor both are realists, anti-communist/dictators
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1) must agree very strongly on their policies  2) president has a very strong interest in controlling
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course POLI 105 taught by Professor Saladino during the Spring '08 term at VCU.

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SECOND EXAM NOTES - Foreign Policy Privileges individual...

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