1441 Lecture9 all rev

Animalsasallegoriesfor humantemperamentsfour

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Unformatted text preview: l o/panel Left: St. John and St. Peter (with key>associated with papacy >pushed into background) Right: St. Mark and St. Paul St. John foregrounded, because he was associated with the Dürer: Aesthetics of the Reformation in Germany Panels executed at Dürer’s own expenses and presented to the city fathers of Nuremberg in 1526 Paintings exhibited in city hall, not in a church Dürer’s Adam and Eve: The Northern European Nude Albrecht Dürer, The Fall of Man (Adam and Eve), 1504, engraving Biblical Fall interpreted in terms of Northern (bulky, fleshy, less graceful) nudes in a Germanic forest Animals as allegories for human temperaments (“four humors”); associated with four bodily fluids Dürer’s Adam and Eve: The Northern European Nude The Four Humors: Elk=Melancholy Ox=Phlegm Cat=Hot temper, choleric behavior Rabbit=Sanguinity, cheerfulness Cat mouse=imperfection of human nature Goat on cliff=Symbol of unbelief The Three “Master Engravings” The Three “Master Engravings” Albrecht Dürer, Knight, Death, and Devil, 1513, engraving Master engravings: Dürer’s most famous works Knight, Death, and Devil, St. Jerome in His Study, and Melancholia I Allegories of three virtues: Theological (St. Jerome), moral (Knight), intell...
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