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BTA1_Greece_2.3 - 18 Discuss the differences between the...

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18. Discuss the differences between the Greek use of the peristyle and the Egyptian use of the peristyle. Use diagrams to support your discussion. The Greeks used peristyle in a totally opposite manner than the Egyptians. Egyptian peristyles surround and define an inner court and are themselves circumscribed by high walls. This is very evident in major Egyptian temples such as Horus at Edfu. However, in the peripteral temples, the Greeks used peristyle as the enclosing wall of the temple. They were defined by a continuous screen of columns surrounding an inner chamber on all four sides. 19. What is the symbolic relationship between the Greek temple and a sacred woods? How does this physically manifest itself in the evolution of the Greek temple typology? What effect did the introduction of terra cotta roof tiles have on the evolution of the Greek temple typology? The peripteral colonnades of the Greek temples were made of timber which symbolized the rites of nature worship that focused on individual trees and sacred groves. The sacredness of the woods runs throughout Greek mythology. The colonnades are constant symbolic reminders of the primeval forest, the abode of many gods and goddesses in the Greek pantheon. These temples form an essential link in Greek worship between humanity and the gods and between earth and sky. Eventually these wooden temples came to manifest themselves in the evolution of the Greek
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temple typology. They were now made completely of stone, making them less perishable. These stone temples provided a constant symbolic reminder of the natural world that was the home of the gods. The introduction of terra cotta roof ties greatly impacted the evolution of the Greek temple typology. These stone tiles signified the beginning of a shift towards the use of permanent materials in the building of temples. With the introduction of stone roofing tiles, the incline of the roof had to become less steep to keep the tiles from sliding off and remain in place by their own weight. In order
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