BTA1_Greece_2.5

# BTA1_Greece_2.5 - 37 Name three sources of light in a Doric...

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37. Name three sources of light in a Doric temple such as the temple of Zeus at Olympia. The three sources of light in a Doric temple such as the temple of Zeus at Olympia are: light from the entrance of the temple, light that filters through the translucent roof tiles and light that comes from various openings within the temple. 38. Discuss the nature of Pythagorean mathematics in the design of the Greek temple. Use diagrams where appropriate to elaborate your answer. In designing the Greek temple, several important notions for the composition of Greek architecture extended from Pythagorean ideals. One is the notion of symmetry. It meant a harmonious arrangement of the parts based on correct proportions of numerical integers. This idea was closely related to the mathematics of musical harmony, which Pythagoras had also studied. The most well known correlation between number and geometry that we have from Pythagoras is his famous theorem regarding the 3-4-5 right triangle. The concepts of proportions and symmetry are seen heavily throughout Greek architecture, especially in the temples in Magna Graecia. 39. Using diagrammatic sketches compare and contrast the First and Second Temples of Hera at Poseidonia (Paestum) and explain how one can determine to which period of Greek architecture each of these temples belongs.

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40. Discuss the unique qualities of the temple of Athena at Poseidonia (Paestum). The temple of Athena at Poseidonia has a hexastyle portico with 13 columns on the long sides. The detailing and proportions of the Doric peristyle of this temple create a strong vertical effect. This verticality is enhanced by the inward slant of the columns. This is consistent with the nature of the deity to whom it is dedicated, Athena, the
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BTA1_Greece_2.5 - 37 Name three sources of light in a Doric...

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