37. Name three sources of light in a Doric temple such as the temple of Zeus at
Olympia.
The three sources of light in a Doric temple such as the temple of Zeus at
Olympia are: light from the entrance of the temple, light that filters through the
translucent roof tiles and light that comes from various openings within the temple.
38. Discuss the nature of Pythagorean mathematics in the design of the Greek
temple. Use diagrams where appropriate to elaborate your answer.
In designing the Greek temple, several important notions for the composition of
Greek architecture extended from Pythagorean ideals. One is the notion of symmetry. It
meant a harmonious arrangement of the parts based on correct proportions of
numerical integers. This idea was closely related to the mathematics of musical
harmony, which Pythagoras had also studied. The most well known correlation between
number and geometry that we have from Pythagoras is his famous theorem regarding
the 345 right triangle. The concepts of proportions and symmetry are seen heavily
throughout Greek architecture, especially in the temples in Magna Graecia.
39. Using diagrammatic sketches compare and contrast the First and Second
Temples of Hera at Poseidonia (Paestum) and explain how one can determine to
which period of Greek architecture each of these temples belongs.
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View Full Document40. Discuss the unique qualities of the temple of Athena at Poseidonia (Paestum).
The temple of Athena at Poseidonia has a hexastyle portico with 13 columns on
the long sides. The detailing and proportions of the Doric peristyle of this temple create
a strong vertical effect. This verticality is enhanced by the inward slant of the columns.
This is consistent with the nature of the deity to whom it is dedicated, Athena, the
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 Fall '07
 BELL
 Architecture, Greek temple, Doric temple

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