phltestreview2 - PHILSOPHY REVIEW TEST 2 Teams -...

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PHILSOPHY REVIEW TEST 2 Teams - Rationalists: Descartes, Leibniz, Augustine - Empiricists: Locke, Hume - Skepticisms: Zhuangzi (Chuang Tzu), Augustine - Logical, mathematical truths - I am, I know I am, I know that I know that I am…. I love it that I am, I love it that I love it that I am - Normal /abnormal cases who cares what crazy, dreaming people think - Retreat to how things seem Descartes - I think, I am… - I am essentially a thing that thinks - Method of doubt - Evil deceiver - Rationalists, believes in synthetic a priori truths Leibniz - Rationalist - Principle of sufficient reason: every fact has a reason - Two arguments are for rationalism o Necessity: experience gives us knowledge only of contingent truths o Universality: experience on gives us knowledge of particular truths Locke - Trifling proposition (Kant: analytic): purely verbal; no information about the world - All knowledge comes from experience: from sensation and reflection - Simple and complex ideas - Find source of ideas in experience: rational foundation in experience (e.g.
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phltestreview2 - PHILSOPHY REVIEW TEST 2 Teams -...

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