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ASSIGNMENT - 31.Create a table of to define the relative advantages and disadvantages of the functional, matrix and dedicated team approaches to managing projects.The Functional ApproachAdvantages :Disadvantages :There is maximum flexibility in the use of staff.Project responsibilities get pushed aside to meet primary obligations.people can be temporarily switched among different projects with relative ease.Poor integration across functional unitsNormal career paths within afunctional division are maintained.longer time to complete projects through this functional arrangement.The in-depth expertise can be brought to bear on the most crucial aspects of the project.The lack of horizontal, direct communication among functional groups results in slow response timeThe Matrix ApproachAdvantages :Disadvantages :There will be a Flexible utilization of resourcesDecision making would be more time taking due to the negotiations between project managers and functional managersDesignated project manager is assigned to look after the projectDysfunctional conflict may be observedSpecialists will be in touch with the functional groupMultiple superiors are assigned under project manager which in turn creates confusion in the functional groupBalances project as well as technical requirements.This exhibits slow approachThe Dedicated Team ApproachAdvantages :Disadvantages :This approach doesn't disturb the basic structure ofthe parent organizationThere will be no work for the people in the project once the project is over. As they are allowed to work in one project solelyThere exists a Strong cross-functional integration.Only the Technical expertise within the team are looked into the projectResponse time tends to be quicker.This approach inhibits integration of project with mainstream operationsSpecialists assigned to the projectExpensive approach
2.What distinguishes a weak matrix from a strong matrix? Weak matrix:In this the role of project manager is only limited to coordinating project. While the functional managers are responsible for managing most of the segments of the project.A project manager is not involved in performance appraisals and compensation decisions.The project manager doesn’t have superlative authority over the project.Strong matrix:The project manager controls most aspects of the project.The functional managers act in supporting roles and are taking care of completion of the project.The project manager effectively involved in performance appraisals and compensation decisions.3.Under what conditions would it be advisable to use a strong matrix instead of a dedicated project team?As both the approaches are very effective in its own stride we can go for different approach whenWhen the organization cannot afford to have people work full-time on the project. The matrix approach would be effective as in this the specialists will be in touch with the functional group.