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Students need a strong foundation in reading to strive when they begin school. The Five Pillars of Reading Instruction and the Cognitive Foundations of Learning to Read were the main components of this week’s readings. Although they did seem similar at first, after further reflection, I was able to distinguish that there was a bit of differences in the two regarding their literacy processes. These two groups are similar because they both include the building blocks to effective literacy instruction. These components to successful reading include comprehension, fluency, vocabulary, phonics, and phonemic awareness. When I think of the word pillar, strong support orfoundation come to mind. The five pillars of reading work together to support a student’s literacyexperience. A student needs to develop all five of these foundational skills to be a successful reader with no extra help. K12 Reader Reading Instruction Resources (n.d.a) explains in The Five Essential Components of Reading, that reading is not as simple as we think. “Our brains are