Discussion_HWQSp07 - PSYC 281 Learning Discussion/HW Packet...

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PSYC 281: Learning Dr. Phelan Discussion/HW Packet SP07 Questions from this packet will be used for in class discussion. Many of the questions will be assigned for HW and collected. This packet will also be used for creating short answer questions for quizzes/exams. It is in your best interest to answer all questions in the packet, even if they are not assigned for HW. Be sure to answer the questions in your own words! Intro to learning: Read Chapter 1 1) Define learning. Why is it important to distinguish between learning and performance? 2) Who is Rene Descartes? What is nativism? Empiricism? Hedonism? 3) According to the British Empiricists, what are the important aspects regarding how the mind operates? How are these ideas different from those of Descartes? 4) What is the general process approach and what are the methodological implications of this approach? Nonassociative learning: Read Chapter 2 5) Describe the reflex arc. What is the difference between a reflex and a modal action pattern? Generate an example of a reflex and an example of a modal action pattern. 6) Describe the sequential organization of behavior (behavior system) discussed in the text. Generate an example that would illustrate the sequential organization of behavior. 7) Trey no longer notices the high pitch of his friend’s voice. Chloe finds the friend’s voice to be piercing, and it annoys her. What processes are responsible for the different reactions of Trey and Chloe to their friend’s voice? 8) What are the key concepts of opponent process theory? Generate your own example to illustrate the opponent process theory. 9) Geoff enjoys a few beers after work. He claims that it calms him after a hard day at the office. Using what you have learned about opponent-process theory, answer the following: a) How does Geoff initially feel upon drinking (primary process)? b) How might Geoff feel the next morning (opponent process)? c) Geoff now notices that a few beers after work are not enough to calm him. He also notices that in the morning he feels worse than usual. What is going on? Pavlovian conditioning: Read Chapter 3 10) My cats always run to the kitchen when they hear their food being poured into their bowls. The other night, while preparing dinner, I noticed that my cats ran to the kitchen when I poured rice into a measuring cup. The next morning I poured cereal into a bowl and they ran to the kitchen. For lunch, I fixed pasta. When I shook the pasta box, the cats arrived. Use
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PSYC 281: Learning Dr. Phelan Discussion/HW Packet SP07 the information in chapter 3 to explain the behavior of my cats. What have they learned? What type of learning is this? 11) What is the CER technique? Identify the CS, US, UR, CR 12) What is sign tracking? Identify the CS, US, UR, CR 13) What is taste aversion learning (TAL)? Identify the CS, US, UR, CR 14) What are the common Pavlovian procedures? How effective are they? 15) What control procedures are commonly used?
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYCH 281 taught by Professor Phelan during the Spring '07 term at St. John Fisher College.

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Discussion_HWQSp07 - PSYC 281 Learning Discussion/HW Packet...

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