Chapter_32_-_Complimentary_therapies_and_integrative_health.docx

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Chapter 32 – Complementary Therapies and Integrative Health They are becoming more popular, some of the most effective are homeopathic and herbal treatments. Help boost they immune system and alleviate symptoms. Many are seeking alternatives due to high cost of medicines. Homeopathic medicine stimulates the patient’s natural defenses to alleviate the problem caused by the disease or disorder. It focuses on the belief that an energy/vital force exists in a plant/mineral or natural substance. Allopathic, or biomedicine Conventional western medicine. It is generally less effective in decreasing stress-induced illnesses, managing symptoms of chronic disease, caring for the emotional and spiritual needs of individuals, and improving quality of life and general well-being. Complementary therapies are therapies used together with conventional treatment recommended by a person’s health care provider. “complements the therapies” Complementary therapies also include relaxation; exercise; massage; reflexology; prayer; biofeedback; hypnotherapy; creative therapies, including art, music, or dance therapy; meditation; chiropractic therapy; and herbs/ supplements, guided imagery and breathwork, therapeutic touch. Alternative therapies Therapies that can include complementary therapies, but these therapies become the primary intervention. Integrative therapies Integrative health care emphasizes the importance of the relationship between practitioner and patient; focuses on the whole person; is informed by evidence; and makes use of appropriate therapeutic approaches, health care professionals, and disciplines to achieve optimal health. Integrative nursing is defined as “a way of being-knowing-doing that advances the health and well- being of persons, families, and communities through caring-healing relationships. Integrative nurses use evidence to inform traditional and emerging interventions that support whole person/ whole systems healing”. American Holistic Nursing Association : Defines holistic nursing as, “All nursing that has healing the whole person as its goal. Holistic nursing integrates complimentary and alternative adjustments into clinical practice”. ANA recognizes this as an official nursing specialty.
Table 32.1: Complimentary Therapies

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