Final_Exam_Review_F06

Final_Exam_Review_F06 - 1) A common difficulty faced by...

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1) A common difficulty faced by many parents is teaching children to go to bed at night without fussing or throwing a tantrum. a) What do parents do that may inadvertently produce the behavior that they find so troublesome? Are there discriminative stimuli that modulate the fussing behavior? Explain. b) Suppose a parent always attends to a child’s cry at night to terminate the crying. What instrumental procedure describes the child’s experience? What instrumental procedure describes the parent’s experience? What type of schedule is in effect if every cry is attended to? How will this schedule influence a parent’s success at eliminating the night crying? c) Suppose a parent wants to try to help their child learn how to settle themselves down for sleep at night. The parent decides to let their child cry a little bit before going to them and comforting them. Sometimes the parent waits a couple of minutes and the child settles themselves back to sleep. Sometimes the crying lasts several minutes and the parent goes in to comfort following a 10-15 minute time span. Other times the parent rushes in immediately to offer comfort because it is easier than listening to any fussing or crying. What instrumental procedure describes the child’s experience? What instrumental procedure describes the parent’s experience? What type of schedule is in effect if only some cries are attended to? How will this schedule influence a parent’s success at eliminating the night crying? d) What behavioral treatment would you recommend? e) Suppose the parent has successfully extinguished the night waking and crying. Describe the problems that spontaneous recovery, renewal, and reinstatement might pose. Is there anything that can be done to reduce the effects of any of these phenomena? 2) Define learning. Why is learning considered an adaptive specialization? For each of the types of learning listed below provide a definition, a personal example and explain why each is important. a) Nonassociative forms of learning b) Pavlovian conditioning c) Instrumental/operant conditioning d) Stimulus control e) Extinction
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3) We have discussed the important factors in the development of Pavlovian conditioning, operant conditioning, and stimulus control. Identify 3 important factors for each type of learning and provide experimental evidence to support why each factor chosen is important in the development of an association. i) Homer went to the dentist for root canal work. It was very unpleasant and now Homer is afraid of the dentist. He refuses to go back for a checkup. ii)
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Final_Exam_Review_F06 - 1) A common difficulty faced by...

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