Sociology Ch. 1 Lecture Notes

Sociology Ch. 1 Lecture Notes - Sociology Perspective...

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Sociology: Perspective, Theory & Method (Ch. 1) 17:41 Sociology- The systematic study of human society. - Sociological Perspective (a distinct point of view) Seeing the General in the Particular -Peter Berger (1963) -Seeing the general in the particular: Helps us see general patterns of behavior in particular people; Society shapes the lives of people in various categories. (Ex.- People are treated differently based on sex, race, ethnicity, etc.) Seeing the Strange in the Familiar -Looking at life sociologically requires giving up: -The familiar idea we live life in the terms of our own decisions -In favor of the strange notion that society shapes these decisions. Seeing Personal Choice in Social Context - Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) -Showed that social forces are at work -Provides strong evidence oh how social forces affect individual behavior Seeing Sociologically: Marginality & Crisis -These two situations allow clear sight of how society shapes individual lives - Outsider : Not part of the dominant group and an everyday experience.
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-People at the margins of social life -These people are aware of social patterns that others rarely think about To become better at using the sociological perspective: -Step back from familiar routines - Look at your lives wit new curiosity -Periods of change or crisis encourages the use of the sociological perspective.
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