Eco tipping point.rtf - Answer the following question in a...

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Answer the following question in a 5-paragraph essay of no less than 400 words: Write an essay that analyzes an EcoTipping Points project. Compare and contrast the decline phase with the restoration and sustainability phase. Which vicious cycles are overcome during the project to transform them into “virtuous cycles” that drive restoration? What does it take to set restoration in motion? What EcoTipping Point “lever” reverses environmental decline in the project, setting in motion restoration and sustainability? What are the characteristics of the effective EcoTipping Point lever? Which ingredients for success are found in this success story? How might these ingredients be replicated to solve other environmental problems? Rajasthan, India and the Ecological Tipping Point Ecological Tipping points occur when there is an imbalance within a system; there can either be positive or negative outcomes, but the tipping point is often started in a vicious cycle only to have hopes of progressing to a virtuous cycle. Tipping points are more common than often not, they typically start out so miniscule only to advance to dangerous situations in such a short amount of time thus causing the angst and anticipation of a better outcome for the near future to be fulfilled quickly. Rajasthan, India has experienced what an impact an ecological tipping point can have. The Rajasthan people experienced a vicious cycle, the eco-tipping point lever to revert the cycle, and the virtuous cycle that set restoration for the people of India. Rajasthan rainfall accumulates about 16 inches of rainfall per year. It has been known since ancient times that Rajasthan has a plentiful underground water source. Typically, the rainfall accumulates during the monsoon season which is from June to September leaving the rest of the year as an arid climate. The reason Rajasthan is known to have a plentiful underground water supply is because of the ancestors creating a johads (Figure 1). This rainwater catchment is engineered through a crescent shaped dam of soil and rocks. The johads (Figure 2) main function is not only an underground water supply but also an above ground water source for livestock and daily living. Because of the dry season, johads were essential to Rajasthan people because the water could not be lost to evaporation. There were often spiritual rituals to praise the water by the Rajasthan people, it was something that many took pride in when doing upkeep of the johads. It wasn’t until the 19 th century that the Rajasthan people more specifically the Alwar District which was a small village in Rajasthan began the start of a vicious cycle.

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