Midterm Study guide

Midterm Study guide - Introductory Lecture Types of...

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Introductory Lecture Types of psychology o Physiological Psychology: anatomy o Psychophysics (Sensation and Perception) o Quantitative (Math) Psychology o Animal Experimental Psychology o Human Experimental Psychology o Neuropsychology o Developmental Psychology: studies behavioral capacities typical of o Personality Psychology o Social Psychology: how an individual influences other people & how other people influence them. o Industrial Psychology o Consumer Psychology o Clinical Psychology: advanced degree in understanding & helping people with psychological problems. o Counseling Psychology: counsels in people going through phase changes o Educational and School Psychology: specialize in psychology of students Brain-in-the-vat problem We can be separated from our brain and still survive while being connected to it via Bluetooth??? Brain can function w/o us; Independent from us but still a part of us. History and Research Method Brain localization: a theory that everything we do has a part of the brain dedicated to it. Localization of function? Strict localization view “mass action” view all parts of the brain does everything Old localization view: “phrenology” There are specific places in your brain for specific functions (love, being good at art, math, etc.) Whatever subject you were good at, there would be a bump in your head there where the brain is bigger at that part Major philosophical quandaries: - mind-body dualism / monism
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Monism: view that conscious experience is inseparable from the physical brain Dualism: view that the mind is separate form the brain but somehow controls the brain & therefore the body - free will vs. determinism free will: behavior is caused by a person’s independent decision. Determinism: everything that happens has a cause. - nature vs. nurture Differences in behavior related to differences in heredity and environment Deductive vs. inductive methods Induction: process of inferring a general principle from observations Deduction: relying on logic Qualities of the scientific method - falsifiability of hypotheses: Making sufficiently precise predictions that we can see what evidence counted against it (if any existed). - replicability of findings: a result that can be repeated (at least approximately) by any competent investigators who use the same procedures in the original study. - parsimonious explanation: (literally meaning stinginess) When given a choice among theories that all seem to fit the facts, we should prefer the one whose assumptions are fewer, simpler, or more consistent w/ other well-established theories. - devaluation of anecdotal evidence:
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYCH 103 taught by Professor Fridlund during the Spring '08 term at UCSB.

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Midterm Study guide - Introductory Lecture Types of...

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