Literature Reviewer.pdf - LITERATURE RECAP Types of Text ​-...

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LITERATURE RECAPTypes of Text - general classificationCategories of Literature - manner of presentingthe textForms of Literature - structure/how it is writtenKindsGenres - similar elementsNARRATIVE, FICTIONAL PROSE CREATIVETEXTCategory → Form → TypeCATEGORIESNarrative - tells a storyDescriptive - gives qualities/char Expository - expresses emotions/issuesArgumentative - defends a standDramatic - acted/perf on stageCREATIVE- insight about human condition inartistic wayPROSE - sentence->parags; common langflow, no formal structure, ordinary languageFICTION - imagined facts that illustrates truthabt human lifeNovel - long narrative divided tochaptersShort Story - narrative w/ 1 plot andimpression Plays/Drama - dran->to do; lengthy;tragedy-disaster and comedy-happyendingLegends - historical info abt culture; about origins Folktales - traditional narrative; handeddown by mouth; anonFable - special type of folktale;animal/inanimate objects as charsMyths - similar to legends; revolvearound gods and heroes; explainsphenomsAnecdotes - product of writer’s imag;bring out lessons to readerParables - biblical stories; moral attitudeNON-FICTION - factual and real-life basedEssay - expresses viewpoint/opinion ofwriter abt a topicBiography - life of a person; auto-himselfNews - report of everyday events in society Oration - oral counterpart of essay in society POETRY - line->stanza; rhyme,rhythm,melody; metrical pattern; metaphors/symb/special lang NARRATIVE - describes important events Epic - heroic journeys under supernatural control; longest poetry Metrical Tales - narrative written in verse; can be classified as a metrical romance Ballads - shortest/simplest; mostly tragedies; complete elements of a narrative LYRIC - meant to be sung Folksongs - short poem sung for a particular group/minority Sonnets - 14 lines; dealing w/ emotion, feeling, idea Elegy - expresses grief and melancholy; when someone dies Ode - dedicated to someone/smth (personified); no definite syllable number Psalms - songs praising God; contains philosophy of life Song - 12 syllables (dodecasyllabic); guitar/banduria accompaniment Corridos - 8 syllables in all lines DRAMATIC - performed on stage in front of an audience Soliloquy - dramatic monologue TECHNICAL - factual info, current issues, guidelines, research Books -Textbook - text -Workbook - worksheets -Worktext - text then worksheets Brochures - booklet printed in color -Pamhplets - 2-4 pages; folded,stapled -Flyers - single page Manuals - shows steps on how to do smth Academic Journals Scientific Journals
21ST CENTURY LITERATUREELEMENTS OF LITERATURE 1.Expression 2.Experience 3.Written/Recorded 4.Significant Universality 5.Enduring 6.Words well-chosen and arranged 7.Human Literatureisandenduringexpressionof significant human experience written in words well-chosen and arranged What is Literature?
1.Literature(originoftheterm-litera whichmeans letter) deals with ideas, thoughts and emotions of man - thuscan be said that literature is the story of man (Kahayon, 1998, p.5 - 7) 2.LiteraturecomesfromtheFrench phrase“belles-letters”whichmeans beautiful writing. (Baritug, et al. 1993) 3.Literature is one of the seven arts and as such, literature is a creative product of a work, the result of which… Why Literature? 1.Literatureinitsbroadestsense,is everything that has been written 2.Thebestwaytounderstandhumannaturefullyandtoknowanation completely is to study literature.3.Throughliteraturewelearntheinnermostfeelingandthoughtsof people-themostrealpartofthemselves,thuswegainand understandingnotonlyof others, butmore importantly, of ourselves and oflife itself (Garcia,1993) 4.Literature illuminates life 5.Literature is our life’s story including its struggles,ideas,sacrifices,andhappiness (Ang, 2006)6.Literatureappealstoman’shighernatureanditsneeds-emotional,spiritual, intellectual and creativeFunctions of Literature 1.Recreation - offers a form of escape and gives pleasure and enjoyment 2.Recognition - offers affiliation and we findsomethingofourselvesinthe author’s reality and we get to know more ourselves 3.Revelation - offers truth and order and recognitionofgoodandevil;gain lessons 4.Redemption - offers insight which helps us to modify our lives for the better. Literature is the art of discovering something extraordinaryaboutordinarypeople,and sayingwithordinarywordssomething extraordinary(BorisPastermark,Russian Novelist) Bloom’s Taxonomy Setofskillsthat we enhance as we criticize a text Levels Low Order Thinking Skills (LOTS) 1.Remember-readerrecallsconcrete informationstraightfromthereading selection (surface level) 2.Understand - ability to grasp meaning from the text so that we can explain it in our own words 3.Apply - use what you have learned in a concrete way Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) 4.Analyze-abilitytobreakdownthe different parts of a material (i.e compare and contrast, classify, cause and effect etc.) 5.Evaluate - ability to judge, rate, or form an opinion on a material;
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6.Create - ability to put parts together tocreatesomethingnewandunique(includes adapting the elements of theexisting story to create a new one, try tocontinue existing work, connecting ideasfrom one text to another to create a newstory)LESSON 2: The Literary History of thePhilippinesTimeline of Philippine Literature1.Pre-Colonial2.Spanish Era3.American Occupation 4.The Japanese Era5.Contemporary PeriodI.PRE-COLONIAL PERIOD (ukn - 1564)Literature in this era is said to be written beforetheSpanishcameinthePhilippines. Filipinos - variously referredto as “natives,” “ethnic minorities,” “tribalFilipinos,”etc.havebeenabletopreserve for us literary forms that arenowourwindowstoapastwithnowritten records we can studyLiterary Forms Riddle (Bugtong) a.Definition Madeupofoneormore measured lines with rhymes and may consist of 4 - 12 syllables Showcase the Filipino wit, literary talent,and keen observation of the surroundings Involves reference to one or two imagesthatsymbolizethe characteristicsofanunknown object that is to be guessed b.Purposes Toentertain-familybonding; eldersquizyoungergeneration with riddles Toeducate-passingdown knowledge from one generation to another Tocurse,withoutexpressly cursing-madeagainstan enemy, rival town, or suitor Topreservetheculture- communicate the old ways from one generation to the next c.Examples Maykoronaperohindireyna, may kaliskis pero hindi isda Bata pa si Nene, marunong nang manahi Hayannasikaka, bubuka-bukaka Maliitnabahay,punongmga patay( Bumili ako ng alipin, mas mataas pa sa akin(sumbrero) Proverb, Idiom, Sayings, Epigram -Short poems that have been customarily used and served as laws or rules on good behaviour by our ancestors. Proverb (Salawikain) a.Definition A simple and short saying, widely known, often metaphorical, which expressesabasictruthor practicalprecept,basedon commonsenseorcultural experience Oftenuseformulaiclanguage and form a genre of folklore b.Purposes Toteachandeducatethe audience Containsexpertadvice,witha role for educating the readers on whattheymay face if they do something Play a didactic role, as they play auniversalroleinteaching wisdomandsagacitytothe common people. c.Examples Kunganoangpuno,siyaang bunga Kung maikli ang kumot, matutong mamaluktot Nasa Diyos ang awa, nasa tao ang gawa Angtaonggipitsapatalim kumakapit Kunganongitinanim,siyang aanihin
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