Anthropology 2 Study Guide

Anthropology 2 Study Guide - Anthropology 2 Study Guide:...

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Anthropology 2 Study Guide: What is Anthropology: Subject, method, perspective: o Perspective: cross-cultural perspective o o Method: Ethnography: an account of a particular community, society, or culture Ethnology: examines, compares, and analyzes results of ethnography (data gathered in different societies) Film “First Contact”: o Leahy brothers o New Guinea o Not about anthropologist o Example of attempt to communicate cross-culturally o o The first contact of white men with thousands of tribal people who had no knowledge of others living beyond their highland home. o Leahy brothers killed many people to show they had power Language: o Kinesics : study of communication thru body movements, stances, o Phoneme : a sound contrast that makes a difference, which differentiates meaning. (words that resemble each other in all but ONE sound). Studies significant sound contrasts. o Phonetics : study of speech sounds in general. Like the differences in vowel pronunciation o Semantics: a language’s meaning system (example: color terminology) o Sapir-Whorf hypothesis: different languages produce difference ways of thinking. o Gender speech contrasts. Examples: Women use color terms Men use sports terms o Codes Code-switching (ability to know when to use one or the other) Film: “A Man Called Bee”: o Napolean Chagnon-anthropologist o Shows how friendly the Yanomamo people can be once you get to know them o It demonstrates how the ethnologist learns to value people who he knows well o Used key informants o Focused on kinship
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Interpretivism: analysis of meanings a culture gives things o Difficulty in controlling meaning b/c people interpret things differently; you have no control in how others interpret it. “Balinese Cockfight”: o Notes on the Balinese Cockfight: Shows importance of rapport (commonality) Story they tell themselves about themselves “function”: interpretive NOT strictly done for $$$, but for status Materialism: o Recognition of utility of studying human economics (i.e. systems of production, distribution) Ongka’s Big Moka: o as example of redistribution example of reciprocity o criteria of social prestige among Kaweelka: o Kaweelka’s criteria for social status? Giving “Moka” “most important thing in their lives” Unified as attempts to achieve prestige (Big Man) “esteem, respect, or approval for culturally valued acts of qualities” to establish position/worth relative to others o as opposed to U.S.’s primary criteria of social status: accumulating; Ongka’s Big Moka is about giving o pattern of subsistence: Horticulture o Political organization? Tribal
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course ANTH 2 taught by Professor Hindes during the Fall '08 term at UCSB.

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Anthropology 2 Study Guide - Anthropology 2 Study Guide:...

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