Download Document
Showing pages : 1 of 6
This preview has blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version! View Full Document
GERUND AND INFINITIVE I. FUNCTIONS OF GERUND (Chöùc naêng cuûa Gerund): 1. Subject for a verb : (Laøm chuû ngöõ cho ñoäng töø ) . EX: Swimming is good for your health. Smoking is not good for your health. 2. Object for some verbs (Laøm taân ngöõ cho moät soá ñoäng töø) : admit, advise, anticipate, appreciate, avoid, complete, consider, delay, deny, discuss, dislike, enjoy, finish, can’t help, can’t bear, can’t stand, keep, mention, mind, miss, postpone, practice, quit, recall, recommend, resent, suggest, hate, love, like, start, begin, forget, remember, stop, regret, continue, acknowledge, endure(chòu ñöïng, cam chòu), imagine, justify, resist(khaùng cöï, choáng laïi), feel like, forgive, risk, tolerate. * Coâng thöùc: S + V+ GERUND (V-ING) + O. Ex: I like playing football. She admited stealing a bike. Nam can’t stan d living alone. 3. Object for preposition (Laøm taân ngöõ cho giôùi töø): tobe interested in: thích, quan taâm tobe fond of: thích tobe bored with: buoàn chaùn tobe fed up with: thích tobe afraid of: sôï tobe surprised at: ngaïc nhieân veà . . tobe worried about: lo laéng veà… tobe amused at: thích tobe amazed at: kinh ngaïc veà … tobe famous for: noåi tieáng veà… tobe different from: khaùc vôùi… tobe good/ bad at: gioûi/ teä veà… tobe excited at/ about: thích thuù, haøo höùng tobe frightened of: sôï haõy tobe keen on: thích tobe pleased with: haøi loøng vôùi… tobe relaxed with: thö giaûn tobe exhausted at: meät tobe busy with: baän roän vôùi… tobe absent from: vaéng maët töø… to rely on: troâng caäy vaøo tobe present at: coù maët, hieän dieän tobe tired of: meät moõi tobe terrified of: khieáp sôï, kinh haõi tobe nervous of: hoài hoäp, lo laéng tobe successful in: thaønh coâng veà … to be used to: quen vôùi to get used to: quen vôùi to think of/ about: suy nghó veà… to give up: töø boû to depend on: phuï thuoäc vaøo to insit on: khaêng khaêng * Coâng thöùc: S + cuïm giôùi töø + GERUND + O. EX: I am interested in playing football. They are fond of watching films. Gerund Gerund 4. Object for some phrases and expressions (Laøm taân ngöõ cho moät soá cuïm töø vaø thaønh ngöõ) : to look forward to, It’s no use, It’s no good, It’s worth, have difficulty + gerund. EX: I am looking forward to seeing you again. It’s no use/ It’s no good asking him for help. It’s worth buying that book. I have difficulty finding a job in this city. 5. Moät soá ñoäng töø theo sau coù theå duøng Gerund or To Infinitive ñeàu khoâng thay ñoåi nghóa: begin, start, hate, prefer, continue, like, intend, attempt. EX: I hate to see you = I hate seeing you.
Background image of page 1
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Create a FREE account now to get started. Log In

The email address you entered is not valid. The email address you provided is already in use.
Your username must be at least 5 characters. Your username must consist of only alphanumeric characters. Your username must contain at least one letter. Your username contains inappropriate language. Another user has already claimed this username.
Your password must be at least 6 characters in length.
{[ $select.selected.label ]} Please select a valid school.
By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy, Terms of Use, and Honor Code.
Create my FREE account Processing...
Sign Up with Facebook

We will never post anything without your permission.

Already on Course Hero? Log In