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Unformatted text preview: Tue 24 Structures and Materials. Wall and aperture, post and lintel, arch, flat arch, colonnade, arcade, dome. Readings: Kostof, chap. 1. Prehistory of architecture First space cave [~] Men found protection and comfort Fluid formed holes cave Natural walls First artificial architectural element Wall First step towards modern living Discussed on a theoretical level from Roman times *Marc Antoine Laugier engraving shows goddess of architecture showing boy first manmade architecture 4 trees, cover hut shown again in South America post-lintel system basic elements Post-lintel Stonehenge 1914-15 le Corbusier horizontal slabs, system of stairs flexible stairs sense of continuity Parthenon 5 th century BC Highly sophisticated Constituted the very beginning of western architecture Wall, cella (where statue of Athena is located), thick wall/frame, colonnade Symbol of an era when modern architecture started (?) Foundations Underground same purpose as root of tree Keep a building grounded and sturdy Deeper = better grounded [~] roman foundation...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course AHIS C3001 taught by Professor Benelli during the Spring '06 term at Columbia.
- Spring '06