{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

EAExam1StudyGuide - "Admonition of Filiality Written by...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
“Admonition of Filiality”: Written by Zhongfeng Mingben(1263-1323). Even since Buddhism was introduced into China, Buddhist monks have had to defend themselves against the charge of unfiliality because they had to leave the life of the householder and observe the precept of celibacy. Mingben at first plays on the homophones of xiao, which can mean either filiality or imitation. Filiality is essentially imitation. Since our parents nurture and love us, we in turn should nurture and love them. But to nurture one’s parents’ physical body and to practice “love with form” is the filiality appropriate for a householder, while a monk shows his filal piety by nurturing the parents’ dharma-nature and by practice of “formless love.” The former, mundane type of filiality has a time limit, for we can love and serve our parents this way only when they are alive, whereas by leading a pure and disciplined life, by serious and sustained effort at meditation, and finally by achieving enlightenment, a monk can fulfill the requirements of filiality on the basis of the Buddhist principle of the “transference of merit,” by which a son applies the merits of a sanctified life to benefit his parents spiritually, whether they are alive or dead. Pure Land: Pure Land, derived its name from the paradise in the West presided over by Amitabha, Buddha of infinite Light. Drawing on a long Mahayana tradition, this school emphasized faith as the means for gaining rebirth in the land of bliss. The teaching of salvation by faith was often coupled with the idea that this was the appropriate means for a decadent age. A special practice of Pure land Buddhism was the invocation of Amitabha’s name. this, if done with wholehearted sincerity, would gain anyone rebirth in the Pure Land. The popular appeal of this sect was immense, and its spiritual dimensions probably received their furthest development in the teachings of Japanese master Shinran. Chan/Zen: Chan was also very influential in Japan, so much so that in the West it is generally known by its Japanese name, Zen, but it originated in China and has affinities with Daoism. Chan masters thought meditation as the way for one to pierce through the world of illusion, recognize the Buddha nature within oneself, and obtain enlightenment. Whereas for other schools meditation was only one of many techniques, Chan rejected all other practices, such as the performance of meritorious deeds or the study of scriptures. Chan, like some other varieties of Buddhism, was esoteric in that its teachings were fully accessible only to select lifelong practitioners, but like the Greater Vehicle, Buddhist festivals were for everyone. An Lushan: An Lushan is known as the rebellion that the emperor into flight to Sichuan an created havoc in the country revealed the underlying weakness in the Tang system.
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern