EAExam1StudyGuide

EAExam1StudyGuide - "Admonition of Filiality": Written by...

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“Admonition of Filiality”: Written by Zhongfeng Mingben(1263-1323). Even since Buddhism was introduced into China, Buddhist monks have had to defend themselves against the charge of unfiliality because they had to leave the life of the householder and observe the precept of celibacy. Mingben at first plays on the homophones of xiao, which can mean either filiality or imitation. Filiality is essentially imitation. Since our parents nurture and love us, we in turn should nurture and love them. But to nurture one’s parents’ physical body and to practice “love with form” is the filiality appropriate for a householder, while a monk shows his filal piety by nurturing the parents’ dharma-nature and by practice of “formless love.” The former, mundane type of filiality has a time limit, for we can love and serve our parents this way only when they are alive, whereas by leading a pure and disciplined life, by serious and sustained effort at meditation, and finally by achieving enlightenment, a monk can fulfill the requirements of filiality on the basis of the Buddhist principle of the “transference of merit,” by which a son applies the merits of a sanctified life to benefit his parents spiritually, whether they are alive or dead. Pure Land: Pure Land, derived its name from the paradise in the West presided over by Amitabha, Buddha of infinite Light. Drawing on a long Mahayana tradition, this school emphasized faith as the means for gaining rebirth in the land of bliss. The teaching of salvation by faith was often coupled with the idea that this was the appropriate means for a decadent age. A special practice of Pure land Buddhism was the invocation of Amitabha’s name. this, if done with wholehearted sincerity, would gain anyone rebirth in the Pure Land. The popular appeal of this sect was immense, and its spiritual dimensions probably received their furthest development in the teachings of Japanese master Shinran. Chan/Zen: Chan was also very influential in Japan, so much so that in the West it is generally known by its Japanese name, Zen, but it originated in China and has affinities with Daoism. Chan masters thought meditation as the way for one to pierce through the world of illusion, recognize the Buddha nature within oneself, and obtain enlightenment. Whereas for other schools meditation was only one of many techniques, Chan rejected all other practices, such as the performance of meritorious deeds or the study of scriptures. Chan, like some other varieties of Buddhism, was esoteric in that its teachings were fully accessible only to select lifelong practitioners, but like the Greater Vehicle, Buddhist festivals were for everyone. An Lushan: An Lushan is known as the rebellion that the emperor into flight to Sichuan an created havoc in the country revealed the underlying weakness in the Tang system. Afterwards China was never the same again. The Dang dynasty adopted the “equal field
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course ASCE V2002 taught by Professor Ross during the Fall '06 term at Columbia.

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EAExam1StudyGuide - "Admonition of Filiality": Written by...

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