MidtermStudyGuide - The Sociological Imagination(1-4...

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The Sociological Imagination (1-4) Mills, “The Promise” Personal troubles = public issues – all related People need to locate themselves in society The kinds of questions to ask: 1) What is the structure of this particular society as a whole? How is it different? 2) Where does this society stand in human history ? What about this period? 3) What varieties of men and women now prevail To be aware of the idea of social structure and to use it with sensibility is to be capable of tracing such linkages among a great variety of milieus. To be able to do that is to possess the sociological imagination . Edin & Kefalas, “Promises I Can Keep…” Poor women put motherhood before marriage – sociological imagination ex. Opposite of middle-class people Class, not race is reason for these values They prove their valor by having a child – motherhood saved them from bad life They revered marriage – but it is not necessary; marriage holds risks 8 neighborhoods studied – all similar – whites, blacks, Hispanics studied Romero, “Intersection of Biography and History…” Chicano domestic workers and their work experiences Their background: came to Denver for work, joining family & friends, then permanently lived there; many grew up there Not much (reliable) info – few studies, underreporting – ashamed Stigma of servitude – secrecy from gov’t, neighbors, friends But job offered flexibility & autonomy; employers thought of relationship as mistress-maid, not as employer-employee Housework ascribed by gender, class, then race/ethnicity; privileged women use other women to escape sexism Berger, Invitation to Sociology The social world is made of ideas, habits & invisible ideas, inventing categories and inventing people; social reality is produced by face-to-face interactions Go beyond commonsense view – question what is real Analyze our behavior as a consequence of society’s many influences – symbolic interactionism ; be aware of our roles & identity To understand society – social location, social control, social stratification, social situations, institutions Life is a stage, but we have opportunities to exercise freedom, despite society Paradox of social existence – society needs us to exist, we have authority to withhold confirmation Avoid being prisoner of society – transformation, detachment, manipulation Sociological perspectives – symbolic interactionism, conflict, structural/functional Sociological imagination – see connection b/w personal trouble & public issue; your actions can be the causes and consequences of other actions elsewhere Public issue – organization of institutions & structures w/in public world, effect on people; study individual’s biography, place in context of history & tradition; problem with choice/structure Personal trouble – character of individual, relationships, and self Collectivities – individuals that share an identity but may not interact
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course SOCI BC1003 taught by Professor Olvera during the Fall '07 term at Columbia.

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MidtermStudyGuide - The Sociological Imagination(1-4...

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