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ReadingsNotes2 - CLASS STRATIFICATION Davis Moore Tumin...

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CLASS STRATIFICATION Davis & Moore; Tumin – Some Principles of Stratification Davis & Moore: All societies have class stratification and this is necessary Some social positions are more important than others – valued & rewarded differently Societies distribute members – motivate them in two ways Want to fill certain positions (more competitive) want to do the duties associated with those positions (less competitive) Ensure that most important positions are filled by most qualified people Rewards – built into the position sustenance and comfort | humor and diversion | self-respect and ego Ranking Positions Importance to society (relative significance) Amount of training or talent (relative scarcity) Is it inherent capacity or training? Different for each society Place importance on different positions – needs/wants Some skills and talents may be more common/easily developed Tumin: disagrees “functionally important”? unclear term; for status quo, everything is important there is always some ignorance about the talent present in a society more rigid societies have more ignorance of talents limits chance to maximize efficiency of discovery, recruitment, training of talent elites tend to restrict access to their positions because they have power talents skills with training require sacrifice? many positions don’t have major sacrifice for trainee parents bear sacrifice – ability to train kids is part of their reward cost of training made up for in income psychic and spiritual awards overlooked – for elites, maybe no sacrifice, just rewards enjoyment, entertainment, ego enhancement, prestige and esteem Inducements - what about joy in work/intrinsic work satisfaction or social duty? Not only $$$ Among standardized and routinized positions, skilled ones retain these motivations most “these [rewards are] sustenance and comfort; humor and diversion; self-respect &ego expansion” “various strata acquire differentiation of prestige and esteem, as a consequence to differential access to basic rewards. This, with right and perquisites, constitute stratification” classification is good; all three must be equal? No (Davis & Moore didn’t say so either!) one may be emphasized, others neglected completely differential prestige those who conform to society, or are older (irrelevant…) Social stratification: Limits talent discovery Limits expansion of resources (talent) Limits extensive social integration; encourages hostility, suspicion, distrust Allows elite to justify the status quo as normal Distributes unevenly the feeling of significant membership in a society Distributes unevenly loyalty to a society Distributes unevenly the desire to participate in a society
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CLASS STRATIFICATION Domhoff – Who Rules America?
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